HIV-associated cancers

Missak Haigentz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The HIV/AIDS epidemic, now in its 4th decade, has seen major shifts in epidemiology, with survival of infected persons increasingly approximating that of the general population and resulting in an aging population increasingly susceptible to cancer. Furthermore, cancer, a historically important manifestation of HIV/AIDS, has also changed epidemiology over time, where the prevalence of the “non-AIDS-defining” cancers (including cancers of the lungs, liver, head and neck, and anus—all seen in excess among HIV-infected populations) now exceeds that of the AIDS-defining cancers (Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and cervical carcinoma). As approximately 9 % of LGBT persons aged 50 or older have HIV infection, cancer is an important heath concern and cause of mortality in this demographic. This chapter will review the current epidemiology and clinical considerations and treatment for HIV-associated malignancies as it pertains to LGBT populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCancer and the LGBT Community: Unique Perspectives from Risk to Survivorship
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages169-186
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9783319150574, 9783319150567
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Psychology(all)

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