Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a malignant tumor with low survival rate, so new therapies are urgently needed. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play a critical role in tumorigenesis, and HDACs inhibition is a potential therapeutic target in ESSC. In our study, we evaluated the effect and molecular mechanism of MS-275 (an inhibitor of HDACs) on ESCC cells. We found that HDAC1 and HDAC2 were overexpressed in ESCC tissues and related with clinical pathological features of patients with ESCC. MS-275 markedly reduced HDAC1 and HDAC2 expression, whereas increased the level of AcH3 and AcH2B. MS-275 suppressed proliferation and clonogenicity of ESCC cells in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, MS-275 induced apoptosis, arrested cell cycle, and inhibited migration, epithelial–mesenchymal transition, and sphere-forming ability of ESCC cells in vitro. Moreover, p-Akt1 and p-mTOR were downregulated by MS-275. Finally, MS-275 significantly inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Taken together, HDAC1 and HDAC2 are associated with the progression of ESCC, and MS-275 hinders the progression and stemness of ESCC cells by suppressing the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway. Our findings show that MS-275 inhibits ESCC cells growth in vitro and in vivo, which is a potential drug for the ESCC therapy.
- cancer stemness
- esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology