Purpose: We determined the toxicity and efficacy of a new preparative autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) regimen in patients with relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or Hodgkin's disease. Patients and Methods: Forty-four non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and 35 Hodgkin's disease patients 16 to 63 years of age were given intravenous carmustine (BCNU) 600 to 1,050 mg/m2, etoposide 2,400 to 3,000 mg/m2, and cisplatin 200 mg/m2 (BEP) and ABMT. Fifty-nine patients also received 15 to 20 Gy local radiation (involved-field radiotherapy [RI]) to active or previously bulky (> 5 cm) disease sites. Results: Nonhematologic toxicities included nausea, vomiting, high-tone hearing loss, stomatitis, esophagitis, diarrhea, and hepatic and pulmonary toxicity. Two patients died within 40 days of marrow infusion as a result of sepsis and one patient died 7 months after transplant as a result of pulmonary fibrosis. Complete remissions (CRs) were noted in 72% (n = 57) of patients (n = 33 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; n = 24 Hodgkin's disease). Forty patients (51%) remained alive and disease-free (n = 24 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; n = 16 Hodgkin's disease) at a median of 17 (range, 8 to 57) months after marrow reinfusion. Conclusions: This regimen seems to be effective for relapsed lymphoma patients whose disease continues to exhibit chemotherapy sensitivity (16 of 24 [67%] disease-free). Furthermore, this regimen seems to be effective in patients who have never attained a CR (seven of 19 [37%] disease-free).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research