High-density substrate-guided ventricular tachycardia ablation: Role of activation mapping in an attempt to improve procedural effectiveness

Corrado Carbucicchio, Nadeem Ahmad Raja, Luigi Di Biase, Valeria Volpe, Antonio Dello Russo, Chintan Trivedi, Stefano Bartoletti, Martina Zucchetti, Michela Casella, Eleonora Russo, Pasquale Santangeli, Massimo Moltrasio, Fabrizio Tundo, Gaetano Fassini, Andrea Natale, Claudio Tondo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Advanced techniques of electroanatomical mapping efficiently guide ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation strategies; in this context, the adjunctive value of combining activation mapping (AMap) to improve accuracy has not been elucidated. Objective To investigate whether conventional AMap further contributes to the identification of critical sites of VT reentry and whether this translates into a more effective ablation outcome in a cohort of patients undergoing VT ablation. Methods We prospectively enrolled 126 patients (mean age 65.3 ± 10.5 years; left ventricular ejection fraction 33.3% ± 7.2%) with ischemic (n = 89) or idiopathic (n = 37) dilated cardiomyopathy undergoing endocardial (n = 105) or endo-epicardial (n = 21) electroanatomical mapping and ablation. A substrate-guided strategy targeting surrogate markers of reentry was accomplished in all patients, but the feasibility and efficacy of AMap was preliminarily assessed for all induced VTs focusing on early VT suppression obtained during radiofrequency delivery. VT-free survival was assessed by ICD interrogation. Results AMap successfully guided ablation in 62 of 104 (59.6%) patients with inducible VT(s). At 1 year, 6 of 126 (4.8%) patients died; VT recurred in 28 of 126 (22.2%) patients. No significant difference in VT recurrence rate was observed between patients in whom AMap proved effective versus those in whom substrate-guided ablation was not corroborated by AMap (16 of 62 [25.8%] vs 12 of 64 [18.8%]; log-rank test, P =.3). Conclusions Our findings support the efficacy of a substrate-guided strategy targeting specific markers of arrhythmogenicity identified during sinus rhythm. AMap proves highly efficient acutely but does not improve overall VT-free survival, suggesting that in patients with advanced cardiac disease, life-threatening arrhythmias can be successfully treated by ablation in sinus rhythm, thus limiting procedural risks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1850-1858
Number of pages9
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Keywords

  • Catheter ablation
  • Electroanatomical mapping
  • Ischemic heart disease
  • Nonischemic cardiomyopathy
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Carbucicchio, C., Ahmad Raja, N., Di Biase, L., Volpe, V., Dello Russo, A., Trivedi, C., Bartoletti, S., Zucchetti, M., Casella, M., Russo, E., Santangeli, P., Moltrasio, M., Tundo, F., Fassini, G., Natale, A., & Tondo, C. (2013). High-density substrate-guided ventricular tachycardia ablation: Role of activation mapping in an attempt to improve procedural effectiveness. Heart Rhythm, 10(12), 1850-1858. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2013.09.059