High burden of clonal hematopoiesis in first responders exposed to the World Trade Center disaster

Sakshi Jasra, Orsolya Giricz, Rachel Zeig-Owens, Kith Pradhan, David G. Goldfarb, Angelica Barreto-Galvez, Alexander J. Silver, Jiahao Chen, Srabani Sahu, Shanisha Gordon-Mitchell, Gaurav S. Choudhary, Srinivas Aluri, Tushar D. Bhagat, Aditi Shastri, Cosmin A. Bejan, Shannon S. Stockton, Travis P. Spaulding, Victor Thiruthuvanathan, Hiroki Goto, Jeannine GerhardtSyed Hissam Haider, Arul Veerappan, Matthias Bartenstein, George Nwankwo, Ola Landgren, Michael D. Weiden, Jacqueline Lekostaj, Ryan Bender, Frederick Fletcher, Lee Greenberger, Benjamin L. Ebert, Ulrich Steidl, Britta Will, Anna Nolan, Advaitha Madireddy, Michael R. Savona, David J. Prezant, Amit Verma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center (WTC) created an unprecedented environmental exposure to aerosolized dust, gases and potential carcinogens. Clonal hematopoiesis (CH) is defined as the acquisition of somatic mutations in blood cells and is associated with smoking and exposure to genotoxic stimuli. Here we show that deep targeted sequencing of blood samples identified a significantly higher proportion of WTC-exposed first responders with CH (10%; 48 out of 481) when compared with non-WTC-exposed firefighters (6.7%; 17 out of 255; odds ratio, 3.14; 95% confidence interval, 1.64–6.03; P = 0.0006) after controlling for age, sex and race/ethnicity. The frequency of somatic mutations in WTC-exposed first responders showed an age-related increase and predominantly affected DNMT3A, TET2 and other CH-associated genes. Exposure of lymphoblastoid cells to WTC particulate matter led to dysregulation of DNA replication at common fragile sites in vitro. Moreover, mice treated with WTC particulate matter developed an increased burden of mutations in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell compartments. In summary, the high burden of CH in WTC-exposed first responders provides a rationale for enhanced screening and preventative efforts in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)468-471
Number of pages4
JournalNature Medicine
Volume28
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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