Hierarchy of characteristics associated with depressive symptoms in an urban elderly sample

Gary J. Kennedy, H. R. Kelman, C. Thomas, W. Wisniewski, H. Metz, Polly E. Bijur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

184 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In contrast to the uncertainty about the prevalence and importance of late-life depressive disorders, a consistent pattern of risk factors for depressive symptoms has been shown by studies using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). The authors surveyed a representative sample of 2,137 elderly community residents with the CES-D and found a hierarchy of characteristics associated with substantial levels of depressive symptoms: illness, disability, isolation, bereavement, and poverty. If these findings are confirmed by prospective studies, addressing modifiable factors in the emergence, persistence, and remission of depressive symptoms might extend the independent survival of older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-225
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume146
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1989

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Depression
Epidemiologic Studies
Bereavement
Poverty
Depressive Disorder
Uncertainty
Prospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Hierarchy of characteristics associated with depressive symptoms in an urban elderly sample. / Kennedy, Gary J.; Kelman, H. R.; Thomas, C.; Wisniewski, W.; Metz, H.; Bijur, Polly E.

In: American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 146, No. 2, 1989, p. 220-225.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kennedy, Gary J. ; Kelman, H. R. ; Thomas, C. ; Wisniewski, W. ; Metz, H. ; Bijur, Polly E. / Hierarchy of characteristics associated with depressive symptoms in an urban elderly sample. In: American Journal of Psychiatry. 1989 ; Vol. 146, No. 2. pp. 220-225.
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