Hierarchy of characteristics associated with depressive symptoms in an urban elderly sample

G. J. Kennedy, H. R. Kelman, C. Thomas, W. Wisniewski, H. Metz, P. E. Bijur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

184 Scopus citations

Abstract

In contrast to the uncertainty about the prevalence and importance of late-life depressive disorders, a consistent pattern of risk factors for depressive symptoms has been shown by studies using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). The authors surveyed a representative sample of 2,137 elderly community residents with the CES-D and found a hierarchy of characteristics associated with substantial levels of depressive symptoms: illness, disability, isolation, bereavement, and poverty. If these findings are confirmed by prospective studies, addressing modifiable factors in the emergence, persistence, and remission of depressive symptoms might extend the independent survival of older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)220-225
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume146
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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