HflD, an Escherichia coli protein involved in the λ lysis-lysogeny switch, impairs transcription activation by λCII

Pabitra K. Parua, Avisek Mondal, Pradeep Parrack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The CII protein of bacteriophage lambda is the key regulator for the lytic-lysogenic choice of the viral lifecycle. An unstable homotetrameric transcription activator of the three phage promoters pE, pI and paQ, λCII is stabilized by λCIII and destabilized by the host protease, Escherichia coli HflB (FtsH). In addition, other E. coli proteins HflK, HflC and HflD also influence lysogeny by acting upon CII. Among these, HflD (22.9 kDa), a peripheral membrane protein that is exposed towards the cytoplasm, interacts with CII and decreases the frequency of lysogenization of λ by stimulating the degradation of CII. In this study, we show that in addition to helping CII degradation, HflD inhibits the DNA binding by CII, thereby inhibiting CII-dependent transcription activation. From biochemical, biophysical and modelling studies we also suggest that HflD-CII interaction takes place through the Cys31-accessible surface area of monomeric HflD, which binds to tetrameric CII as a 1:1 complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-183
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume493
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • λCII
  • Bacteriophage lambda
  • CII-HflD interaction
  • Lysis-lysogeny decision
  • Transcription inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'HflD, an Escherichia coli protein involved in the λ lysis-lysogeny switch, impairs transcription activation by λCII'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this