Hepatocyte Transplantation: Quo Vadis?

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has been effective in managing end-stage liver disease since the advent of cyclosporine immunosuppression therapy in 1980. The major limitations of OLT are organ supply, monetary cost, and the burden of lifelong immunosuppression. Hepatocyte transplantation, as a substitute for OLT, has been an exciting topic of investigation for several decades. HT is potentially minimally invasive and can serve as a vehicle for delivery of personalized medicine through autologous cell transplant after modification ex vivo. However, 3 major hurdles have prevented large-scale clinical application: (1) availability of transplantable cells; (2) safe and efficient ex vivo gene therapy methods; and (3) engraftment and repopulation efficiency. This review will discuss new sources for transplantable liver cells obtained by lineage reprogramming, clinically acceptable methods of genetic manipulation, and the development of hepatic irradiation–based preparative regimens for enhancing engraftment and repopulation of transplanted hepatocytes. We will also review the results of the first 3 patients with genetic liver disorders who underwent preparative hepatic irradiation before hepatocyte transplantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)922-934
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
Volume103
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cancer Research

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