Hemispheric asymmetry and callosal integration of visuospatial attention in schizophrenia: A tachistoscopic line bisection study

Mark E. McCourt, Marina Shpaner, Daniel C. Javitt, John J. Foxe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A hallmark of visuospatial neglect syndrome is that patients with lesions to right parietal cortex misbisect horizontal lines far rightward of veridical center. Neurologically normal subjects misbisect lines with a systematic leftward bias (pseudoneglect). Both phenomena, as well as neuroimaging studies, disclose a predominant right-hemisphere control of spatial attention. Numerous studies of patients with schizophrenia have implicated global deficits of either right or left hemisphere function, as well as compromised integrity of the corpus callosum. Methods: To better understand the functional implications of schizophrenia we utilized a forced-choice tachistoscopic line bisection task to probe the status of right-hemisphere control of spatial attention, and compared left- versus right-hand unimanual responses to index the degree of callosal transfer of visuospatial information in both patient and control groups. Results: In contrast to the significant leftward bisection errors of control subjects, patients exhibit no significant leftward error. Whereas control subjects evince a significant correlation between left- and right-hand bisection errors, patients lack a significant intermanual correlation. Conclusions: The lack of significant leftward bisection error of patients implies a deficit of right-hemisphere function. The lack of a significant correlation between left- and right-hand bisection errors in patients implies a loss of callosal integrity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-196
Number of pages8
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume102
Issue number1-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008

Keywords

  • Corpus callosum
  • Line bisection
  • Magnocellular
  • Pseudoneglect
  • Schizophrenia
  • Visuospatial attention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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