Healthcare Preferences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Questioning Youth

Neal D. Hoffman, Katherine Freeman, Stephanie Swann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning (LGBTQ) youth appear to be at higher risk for certain adverse health outcomes, and to have several personal, cultural and structural barriers to accessing healthcare. Little is known, however, about the experiences of LGBTQ youth with healthcare providers and healthcare services. Our goal was to recruit a sample of LGBTQ youth and to determine their preferences regarding healthcare providers, healthcare settings and the health issues that they consider important to discuss with a healthcare provider. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional Internet-based survey. Respondents ages 13-21 years and living in the U.S. or Canada were asked to review three lists of items pertaining to qualities of healthcare providers, qualities of offices or health centers, and concerns or problems to discuss with a healthcare provider, and then to assign for each item a relative importance. Items in each of the three lists were then ranked, and differences among ranks were assessed. Inter-group differences by age, gender, and race/ethnicity were also assessed. Results: 733 youth met eligibility criteria. Youth indicated as most important competence overall and specifically in issues unique to taking care of youth and LGBTQ persons, as well as being respected and treated by providers the same as other youth. Notably, youth ranked as least important the provider's gender and sexual orientation. Youth ranked accessibility issues higher than specific services provided. As health concerns to discuss with a provider, youth ranked preventive healthcare, nutrition, safe sex, and family as important as common morbidities. Conclusions: Youth placed as much importance on provider qualities and interpersonal skills as provider knowledge and experience, and placed little importance on a provider's gender and sexual orientation. Youth indicated the importance of providers addressing not only health risks, but also wellness and health promotion, and to do so within the context of home and family. Subgroup analyses underscore the need for greater sensitivity to both cultural and developmental differences among LGBTQ youth. These results provide a foundation for further research about healthcare services and delivery systems for youth, training initiatives for healthcare providers, and the role of utilizing the Internet for health research purposes to access and recruit hard-to-reach youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)222-229
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2009

Fingerprint

Transgender Persons
Delivery of Health Care
Health Personnel
Health
Sexual Minorities
Sexual Behavior
Internet
Safe Sex
Quality of Health Care

Keywords

  • Adolescent health
  • Gay youth
  • Healthcare
  • Healthcare services
  • Healthcare surveys
  • Internet
  • provider

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Healthcare Preferences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Questioning Youth. / Hoffman, Neal D.; Freeman, Katherine; Swann, Stephanie.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 45, No. 3, 09.2009, p. 222-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hoffman, Neal D. ; Freeman, Katherine ; Swann, Stephanie. / Healthcare Preferences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Questioning Youth. In: Journal of Adolescent Health. 2009 ; Vol. 45, No. 3. pp. 222-229.
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