Health-related quality of life over time since resective epilepsy surgery

Susan S. Spencer, Anne T. Berg, Barbara G. Vickrey, Michael R. Sperling, Carl W. Bazil, Sheryl Haut, John T. Langfitt, Thaddeus S. Walczak, Orrin Devinsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) improves after resective epilepsy surgery, but data are limited to short follow-up in mostly retrospective reports, with minimal consideration of other potential factors that might influence HRQOL. Methods: In a prospective multicenter study, 396 patients underwent resective epilepsy surgery. They completed the Quality of Life in Epilepsy Inventory-89 (QOLIE-89) before surgery, within 6 months, and at approximately yearly intervals after surgery. Seizure outcome was ascertained by phone calls every 3 months, and dates of postoperative seizures were chronicled. Overall HRQOL as measured by the QOLIE-89 was evaluated with respect to seizure outcome using logistic regression. Results: QOLIE-89 scores increased significantly at the first postoperative measurement (within 6 months after surgery) in the cohort overall; subsequent changes over time were sensitive to seizure-free and aura-free status. After adjusting for baseline scores, the corresponding postsurgical QOLIE-89 overall, and four dimension scores, increased as a function of square root of time seizure-free, and independently as a function of square root of time aura free, leveling by 2 years of stable seizure (aura) status. HRQOL was not independently related to duration of epilepsy, duration of intractable epilepsy, or continuation of medications. Interpretation: HRQOL improves early after surgery, regardless of seizure outcome. Subsequent changes parallel length of time seizure free or aura free, stabilize after 2 years, and are unrelated to duration of epilepsy, duration of intractable epilepsy, or continued medication use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)327-334
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of Neurology
Volume62
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Health-related quality of life over time since resective epilepsy surgery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this