Neonatal microglial cells respond to GM-CSF and M-CSF by acquiring different morphologies and phenotypes. To investigate the extent and consequences of this process, a global gene expression analysis was performed, with significant changes in transcript levels confirmed by biochemical analyses. Primary murine microglial cells underwent substantial expression reprogramming after treatment with GM-CSF or M-CSF with many differentially expressed transcripts important in innate and adaptive immunity. In particular, many gene products involved in Ag presentation were induced by GM-CSF, but not M-CSF, thus potentially priming relatively quiescent microglia cells for Ag presentation. This function of GM-CSF is distinct from its primary function in cell proliferation and survival.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy