Glycemic control among U.S. Hispanics/Latinos with diabetes from the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study: Do structural and functional social support play a role?

Addie L. Fortmann, Scott C. Roesch, Frank J. Penedo, Carmen R. Isasi, Mercedes R. Carnethon, Leonor Corsino, Neil Schneiderman, Martha L. Daviglus, Yanping Teng, Aida Giachello, Franklyn Gonzalez, Linda C. Gallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Social support is one potential source of health-related resiliency in Hispanics with diabetes. This study examined relationships of structural (i.e., social integration) and functional (i.e., perceived) social support with glycemic control (glycosylated hemoglobin; HbA1c) in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study. This study included 766 men and women representing multiple Hispanic ethnic backgrounds, aged 18–74 years, with diagnosed diabetes who completed fasting blood draw, medication review, and measures of sociodemographic factors, medical history, structural support (Cohen Social Network Index), and functional support (Interpersonal Support Evaluation List-12). After adjusting for sociodemographic covariates and medication, a one standard deviation increase in functional support was related to an 0.18 % higher HbA1c (p = 0.04). A similar trend was observed for structural support; however, this effect was non-significant in adjusted models. Greater functional support was associated with poorer glycemic control in Hispanics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-159
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Glycemic control
  • Hispanic
  • Latino
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Fortmann, A. L., Roesch, S. C., Penedo, F. J., Isasi, C. R., Carnethon, M. R., Corsino, L., Schneiderman, N., Daviglus, M. L., Teng, Y., Giachello, A., Gonzalez, F., & Gallo, L. C. (2014). Glycemic control among U.S. Hispanics/Latinos with diabetes from the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study: Do structural and functional social support play a role? Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 38(1), 153-159. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-014-9587-0