Glioblastoma Cells Counteract PARP Inhibition through Pro-Survival Induction of Lipid Droplets Synthesis and Utilization

Jara Majuelos-Melguizo, José Manuel Rodríguez-Vargas, Nuria Martínez-López, Daniel Delgado-Bellido, Ángel García-Díaz, Víctor J. Yuste, Marina García-Macía, Laura M. López, Rajat Singh, F. J. Oliver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor in adults. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPi) represent a new class of anti-neoplastic drugs. In the current study, we have characterized the mechanism by which glioblastoma cells evade the effect of PARPi as antitumor agents. We have found that suppression of PARP activity exerts an anti-stemness effect and has a dual impact on autophagy, inducing its activation in the first 24 h (together with down-regulation of the pro-survival mTOR pathway) and preventing autophagosomes fusion to lysosomes at later time-points, in primary glioma cells. In parallel, PARPi triggered the synthesis of lipid droplets (LDs) through ACC-dependent activation of de novo fatty acids (FA) synthesis. Notably, inhibiting β-oxidation and blocking FA utilization, increased PARPiinduced glioma cell death while treatment with oleic acid (OA) prevented the antiglioma effect of PARPi. Moreover, LDs fuel glioma cells by inducing pro-survival lipid consumption as confirmed by quantitation of oxygen consumption rates using Seahorse respirometry in presence or absence of OA. In summary, we uncover a novel mechanism by which glioblastoma escapes to antitumor agents through metabolic reprogramming, inducing the synthesis and utilization of LDs as a prosurvival strategy in response to PARP inhibition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number726
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022

Keywords

  • Acyl-coA-carboxylase
  • Glioblastoma stem cells
  • Lipid droplets
  • Lipophagy
  • Metabolic adaptation
  • PARP inhibitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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