Glial Cells

Michael Aschner, M. A. Philbert

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glia produce trophic factors, ensheath axonal extensions, regulate neurotransmitter and ion concentrations, and remove toxins and debris from the extracellular space of the central nervous system (CNS), maintaining an extracellular milieu that is optimally suited for neuronal function.Consequently, glial functional impairments, as well as physiological reactions of glia to injury, have the potential to induce and/or exacerbate neuronal dysfunction.This mini-review showcases contemporary evidence provoking reformulation of concepts of the interdependence between glia and neurons in modulating final pathways of neuropathologic injury. The chapter commences with a discussion on the role of the various cells in maintaining optimal CNS function both during development and later life-stages, followed by a discussion on their role in mediating neurotoxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNervous System and Behavioral Toxicology
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages199-219
Number of pages21
Volume13
ISBN (Print)9780080468686
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 12 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Aschner, M., & Philbert, M. A. (2010). Glial Cells. In Nervous System and Behavioral Toxicology (Vol. 13, pp. 199-219). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-046884-6.01313-0