Genomes of diverse isolates of the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus

Steven J. Biller, Paul M. Berube, Jessie W. Berta-Thompson, Libusha Kelly, Sara E. Roggensack, Lana Awad, Kathryn H. Roache-Johnson, Huiming Ding, Stephen J. Giovannoni, Gabrielle Rocap, Lisa R. Moore, Sallie W. Chisholm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

The marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus is the numerically dominant photosynthetic organism in the oligotrophic oceans, and a model system in marine microbial ecology. Here we report 27 new whole genome sequences (2 complete and closed; 25 of draft quality) of cultured isolates, representing five major phylogenetic clades of Prochlorococcus. The sequenced strains were isolated from diverse regions of the oceans, facilitating studies of the drivers of microbial diversity - both in the lab and in the field. To improve the utility of these genomes for comparative genomics, we also define pre-computed clusters of orthologous groups of proteins (COGs), indicating how genes are distributed among these and other publicly available Prochlorococcus genomes. These data represent a significant expansion of Prochlorococcus reference genomes that are useful for numerous applications in microbial ecology, evolution and oceanography.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number140034
JournalScientific Data
Volume1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 30 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Information Systems
  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Library and Information Sciences

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    Biller, S. J., Berube, P. M., Berta-Thompson, J. W., Kelly, L., Roggensack, S. E., Awad, L., Roache-Johnson, K. H., Ding, H., Giovannoni, S. J., Rocap, G., Moore, L. R., & Chisholm, S. W. (2014). Genomes of diverse isolates of the marine cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus. Scientific Data, 1, [140034]. https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2014.34