"Epigenetics" refers to a heritable change in transcriptional status without alteration in the primary nucleotide sequence. Epigenetics provides an extra layer of transcriptional control and plays a crucial role in normal development, as well as in pathological conditions. DNA methylation is one of the best known and well-studied epigenetic modifications. Genome-wide DNA methylation profiling has become recognized as a biologically and clinically important epigenomic assay. In this review, we discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the protocols for genome-wide DNA methylation profiling using massively parallel sequencing (MPS) techniques. We will also describe recently discovered DNA modifications, and the protocols to detect these modifications.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Seminars in hematology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2013|
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