Genetic analysis of interferon induced thyroiditis (IIT): Evidence for a key role for MHC and apoptosis related genes and pathways

Alia Hasham, Weijia Zhang, Vaneet Lotay, Shannon Haggerty, Mihaela Stefan, Erlinda Concepcion, Douglas T. Dieterich, Yaron Tomer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) have become increasingly recognized as a complication of interferon-alpha (IFNα) therapy in patients with chronic Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Interferon-induced thyroiditis (IIT) can manifest as clinical thyroiditis in approximately 15% of HCV patients receiving IFNα and subclinical thyroiditis in up to 40% of patients, possibly resulting in either dose reduction or discontinuation of IFNα treatment. However, the exact mechanisms that lead to the development of IIT are unknown and may include IFNα-mediated immune-recruitment as well as direct toxic effects on thyroid follicular cells. We hypothesized that IIT develops in genetically predisposed individuals whose threshold for developing thyroiditis is lowered by IFNα. Therefore, our aim was to identify the susceptibility genes for IIT. We used a genomic convergence approach combining genetic association data with transcriptome analysis of genes upregulated by IFNα. Integrating results of genetic association, transcriptome data, pathway, and haplotype analyses enabled the identification of 3 putative loci, SP100/110/140 (2q37.1), HLA (6p21.3), and TAP1 (6p21.3) that may be involved in the pathogenesis of IIT. Immune-regulation and apoptosis emerged as the predominant mechanisms underlying the etiology of IIT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-70
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Autoimmunity
Volume44
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autoimmunity
  • Interferon
  • Thyroid
  • Thyroiditis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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