Gene expression profiles in end-stage human idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy: Altered expression of apoptotic and cytoskeletal genes

Christina K. Yung, Victoria L. Halperin, Gordon F. Tomaselli, Raimond L. Winslow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Scopus citations


Dilated cardiomyopathy is now the leading cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. While the molecular basis of this disease remains uncertain, evidence is emerging that gene expression profiles of left ventricular myocardium isolated from failing versus nonfailing patients differ dramatically. In this study, we use high-density oligonucleotide microarrays with ~22,000 probes to characterize differences in the expression profiles further. To facilitate interpretation of experimental data, we evaluate algorithms for normalization of hybridization data and for computation of gene expression indices using a control spike-in data set. We then use these methods to identify statistically significant changes in the expression levels of genes not previously implicated in the molecular phenotype of heart failure. These regulated genes take part in diverse cellular processes, including transcription, apoptosis, sarcomeric and cytoskeletal function, remodeling of the extracellular matrix, membrane transport, and metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)281-297
Number of pages17
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes



  • Cardiovascular genomics
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy
  • Gene expression
  • Heart failure
  • Oligonucleotide microarray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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