Gender differences in self-reported withdrawal symptoms and reducing or quitting smoking three years later: A prospective, longitudinal examination of U.S. adults

Andrea H. Weinberger, Jonathan M. Platt, Jonathan Shuter, Renee D. Goodwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Little is known about gender differences in withdrawal symptoms among smokers in the community. This study used longitudinal epidemiologic data to examine gender differences in current smokers’ report of withdrawal symptoms during past quit attempts and the relationship between withdrawal symptoms and the odds of reducing or quitting smoking three years later. Methods Data were drawn from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC; Wave 1, 2001-2001, n = 43,093; Wave 2, 2004–2005, n = 34,653). Analyses were conducted on respondents who reported current daily cigarette smoking at Wave 1 (n = 6911). Withdrawal symptoms during past quit attempts were assessed at Wave 1. Current smoking status was assessed at Wave 2. Results Wave 1 current smoking women, compared to men, were more likely to endorse any withdrawal symptoms, withdrawal-related discomfort, and withdrawal-related relapse (ps < 0.0001). Women endorsed a greater number of withdrawal symptoms than men (M = 2.37, SE = 0.05 versus M = 1.78, SE = 0.04; p < 0.0001). The odds of reducing and quitting smoking were significantly lower for respondents who reported any Wave 1 withdrawal symptoms, withdrawal-related discomfort, and withdrawal-related relapse. These relationships did not differ for women versus men. Among men, the odds of reducing smoking at Wave 2 decreased significantly with each cumulative withdrawal symptom compared to women (β interaction = 0.87; p = 0.01). Conclusions Women were more likely to report withdrawal while the relationship between withdrawal symptoms and decreased likelihood of reducing smoking was stronger in men. Identifying gender differences in withdrawal can help develop strategies to help reduce withdrawal for both men and women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-259
Number of pages7
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume165
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Gender
  • Smoking
  • Withdrawal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gender differences in self-reported withdrawal symptoms and reducing or quitting smoking three years later: A prospective, longitudinal examination of U.S. adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this