Gender differences in self-reported withdrawal symptoms and reducing or quitting smoking three years later: A prospective, longitudinal examination of U.S. adults

Andrea H. Weinberger, Jonathan M. Platt, Jonathan Shuter, Renee D. Goodwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


Background: Little is known about gender differences in withdrawal symptoms among smokers in the community. This study used longitudinal epidemiologic data to examine gender differences in current smokers' report of withdrawal symptoms during past quit attempts and the relationship between withdrawal symptoms and the odds of reducing or quitting smoking three years later. Methods: Data were drawn from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC; Wave 1, 2001-2001, n = 43,093; Wave 2, 2004-2005, n = 34,653). Analyses were conducted on respondents who reported current daily cigarette smoking at Wave 1 (n = 6911). Withdrawal symptoms during past quit attempts were assessed at Wave 1. Current smoking status was assessed at Wave 2. Results: Wave 1 current smoking women, compared to men, were more likely to endorse any withdrawal symptoms, withdrawal-related discomfort, and withdrawal-related relapse (ps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 2 2016



  • Epidemiology
  • Gender
  • Smoking
  • Withdrawal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this