Gender Differences among Smokers Living with HIV

Jonathan Shuter, Brittlyn K. Pearlman, Cassandra A. Stanton, Alyson B. Moadel-Robblee, Ryung S. Kim, Andrea H. Weinberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tobacco use has emerged as a leading cause of death among persons living with HIV (PLWH) who smoke cigarettes. In contrast to the general population where smoking prevalence in men exceeds that in women, large surveys have shown similar smoking rates among male and female PLWH. There are important behavioral and biological differences between male and female smokers, but little is known about the relationships between tobacco use and gender in PLWH. Herein, the authors present a detailed examination of gender differences in smokers living with HIV (N = 267; 54% male, 46% female) recruited in 2 tobacco treatment trials. The authors found higher rates of heavy smoking and other substance use in men. Women were more likely to have used pharmacotherapy during quit attempts. Asthma rates were markedly higher in female smokers. There were no significant differences in a range of psychobehavioral domains or in cessation rates between male and female smokers living with HIV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)412-417
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Keywords

  • cigarette
  • gender
  • HIV
  • smoking
  • tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases

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