Gamma tocotrienol, a potent radioprotector, preferentially upregulates expression of anti-apoptotic genes to promote intestinal cell survival

Shubhankar Suman, Kamal Datta, Kushal Chakraborty, Shilpa S. Kulkarni, Kathryn Doiron, Albert J. Fornace, K. Sree Kumar, Martin Hauer-Jensen, Sanchita P. Ghosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations


Gamma tocotrienol (GT3) has been reported as a potent ameliorator of radiation-induced gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity when administered prophylactically. This study aimed to evaluate the role of GT3 mediated pro- and anti-apoptotic gene regulation in protecting mice from radiation-induced GI damage.Male 10- to 12-weeks-old CD2F1 mice were administered with a single dose of 200. mg/kg of GT3 or equal volume of vehicle (5% Tween-80) 24. h before exposure to 11. Gy of whole-body γ-radiation. Mouse jejunum was surgically removed 4 and 24. h after radiation exposure, and was used for PCR array, histology, immunohistochemistry, and immunoblot analysis.Results were compared among vehicle pre-treated no radiation, vehicle pre-treated irradiated, and GT3 pre-treated irradiated groups. GT3 pretreated irradiated groups, both 4. h and 24. h after radiation, showed greater upregulation of anti-apoptotic gene expression than vehicle pretreated irradiated groups. TUNEL staining and intestinal crypt analysis showed protection of jejunum after GT3 pre-treatment and immunoblot results were supportive of PCR data.Our study demonstrated that GT3-mediated protection of intestinal cells from a GI-toxic dose of radiation occurred via upregulation of antiapoptotic and downregulation of pro-apoptotic factors, both at the transcript as well as at the protein levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)488-496
Number of pages9
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
StatePublished - Sep 9 2013



  • Apoptosis
  • Gamma tocotrienol
  • Gastrointestinal toxicity
  • Radiation
  • Radioprotection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology

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