Gallbladder and gastric motility in obese newborns, pre-adolescents and adults

Agostino Di Ciaula, David Q.H. Wang, Piero Portincasa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aim: Impaired gallbladder and gastric motility have been associated with obesity in adults. The timing of appearance of this dysfunction, however, is unclear. Methods: Lean and obese subjects from three different age groups were studied noninvasively: 50 newborns (1-12months old, six obese), 18 pre-adolescents (7-8years old, seven obese), and 99 adults (22-80years old, 32 obese) classified according to standard normal tables and body mass index. Changes of fasting/postprandial gallbladder and gastric motility were assessed simultaneously by functional ultrasonography in response to milk (newborns and pre-adolescents) and to a liquid test meal (adults). Results: In newborns, fasting and postprandial gallbladder volumes and gastric emptying were similar between obese and lean subjects. In pre-adolescents, obese subjects had a larger fasting gallbladder volume, with slower postprandial gastric emptying than lean subjects. In obese adults, the most evident dysfunction emerged, with larger fasting and postprandial residual gallbladder volume, and slower postprandial gastric emptying than lean subjects. Conclusions: Obese subjects display abnormal gallbladder and gastric motility patterns, which first appear in pre-adolescents and deteriorate in adults. Such abnormalities are absent in obese newborns. Functional ultrasonography can detect altered cholecysto-gastric motility at the earliest stage. Our findings suggest an age-related decline of motility, probably secondary to excessive fat and insulin-resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1298-1305
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume27
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Gallbladder
Stomach
Newborn Infant
Gastric Emptying
Fasting
Ultrasonography
Gallbladder Emptying
Residual Volume
Meals
Insulin Resistance
Milk
Body Mass Index
Age Groups
Obesity
Fats

Keywords

  • Gallbladder emptying
  • Gastric emptying
  • Obesity
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Hepatology

Cite this

Gallbladder and gastric motility in obese newborns, pre-adolescents and adults. / Di Ciaula, Agostino; Wang, David Q.H.; Portincasa, Piero.

In: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia), Vol. 27, No. 8, 01.01.2012, p. 1298-1305.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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