Gain-of-function Chinese hamster ovary mutants LEC18 and LEC14 each express a novel N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity

T. Shantha Raju, Pamela Stanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

LEC18 and LEC14 cells are gain-of-function glycosylation mutants isolated from Chinese hamster ovary cells for resistance to pea lectin. Structural studies have shown that LEC18 cells synthesize complex N-glycans with a GlcNAc residue linked at the 0-6 position of the core GlcNAc (Raju, T. S., Ray, M. K., and Stanley, P. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 30294-30302), whereas LEC14 cells synthesize complex N-glycans with a GlcNAc residue linked at the 0-2 position of the core β-linked Man residue (Raju, T.S., and Stanley, P. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 7484-7493). Both modifications are novel and have not been reported in glycoproteins from any other source. We now show that, in both LEC18 and LEC14 cells, GlcNAc transfer is mediated by a distinct N-acetyl-glucosaminyltransferase (GlcNAc-T) activity. The LEC18 activity, termed GlcNAc-TVIII, transfers GlcNAc to GlcNAcβ1-O-pNP and to a GlcNAc-terminating, biantennary, complex N-glycan, with or without a core fucose. By contrast, the LEC14 transferase, termed GlcNAc-TVII, does not have significant activity with simple acceptors, and transfers GlcNAc preferentially to a GlcNAc-terminating biantennary glycopeptide that contains a core fucose residue. The acceptor specificities and other biochemical properties of GlcNAc-TVII and GlcNAc-TVIII differ from previously characterized GlcNAc-transferases including GlcNAc-TIII, indicating that they represent new members of the mammalian GlcNAc-T group of transferases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14090-14098
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume273
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 5 1998

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Cricetulus
Polysaccharides
Ovary
Fucose
Glycosylation
Glycopeptides
Transferases
Glycoproteins
Cells
N-acetyllactosaminide beta-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-peptide beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Gain-of-function Chinese hamster ovary mutants LEC18 and LEC14 each express a novel N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase activity. / Raju, T. Shantha; Stanley, Pamela.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 273, No. 23, 05.06.1998, p. 14090-14098.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "LEC18 and LEC14 cells are gain-of-function glycosylation mutants isolated from Chinese hamster ovary cells for resistance to pea lectin. Structural studies have shown that LEC18 cells synthesize complex N-glycans with a GlcNAc residue linked at the 0-6 position of the core GlcNAc (Raju, T. S., Ray, M. K., and Stanley, P. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 30294-30302), whereas LEC14 cells synthesize complex N-glycans with a GlcNAc residue linked at the 0-2 position of the core β-linked Man residue (Raju, T.S., and Stanley, P. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 7484-7493). Both modifications are novel and have not been reported in glycoproteins from any other source. We now show that, in both LEC18 and LEC14 cells, GlcNAc transfer is mediated by a distinct N-acetyl-glucosaminyltransferase (GlcNAc-T) activity. The LEC18 activity, termed GlcNAc-TVIII, transfers GlcNAc to GlcNAcβ1-O-pNP and to a GlcNAc-terminating, biantennary, complex N-glycan, with or without a core fucose. By contrast, the LEC14 transferase, termed GlcNAc-TVII, does not have significant activity with simple acceptors, and transfers GlcNAc preferentially to a GlcNAc-terminating biantennary glycopeptide that contains a core fucose residue. The acceptor specificities and other biochemical properties of GlcNAc-TVII and GlcNAc-TVIII differ from previously characterized GlcNAc-transferases including GlcNAc-TIII, indicating that they represent new members of the mammalian GlcNAc-T group of transferases.",
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N2 - LEC18 and LEC14 cells are gain-of-function glycosylation mutants isolated from Chinese hamster ovary cells for resistance to pea lectin. Structural studies have shown that LEC18 cells synthesize complex N-glycans with a GlcNAc residue linked at the 0-6 position of the core GlcNAc (Raju, T. S., Ray, M. K., and Stanley, P. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 30294-30302), whereas LEC14 cells synthesize complex N-glycans with a GlcNAc residue linked at the 0-2 position of the core β-linked Man residue (Raju, T.S., and Stanley, P. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 7484-7493). Both modifications are novel and have not been reported in glycoproteins from any other source. We now show that, in both LEC18 and LEC14 cells, GlcNAc transfer is mediated by a distinct N-acetyl-glucosaminyltransferase (GlcNAc-T) activity. The LEC18 activity, termed GlcNAc-TVIII, transfers GlcNAc to GlcNAcβ1-O-pNP and to a GlcNAc-terminating, biantennary, complex N-glycan, with or without a core fucose. By contrast, the LEC14 transferase, termed GlcNAc-TVII, does not have significant activity with simple acceptors, and transfers GlcNAc preferentially to a GlcNAc-terminating biantennary glycopeptide that contains a core fucose residue. The acceptor specificities and other biochemical properties of GlcNAc-TVII and GlcNAc-TVIII differ from previously characterized GlcNAc-transferases including GlcNAc-TIII, indicating that they represent new members of the mammalian GlcNAc-T group of transferases.

AB - LEC18 and LEC14 cells are gain-of-function glycosylation mutants isolated from Chinese hamster ovary cells for resistance to pea lectin. Structural studies have shown that LEC18 cells synthesize complex N-glycans with a GlcNAc residue linked at the 0-6 position of the core GlcNAc (Raju, T. S., Ray, M. K., and Stanley, P. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 30294-30302), whereas LEC14 cells synthesize complex N-glycans with a GlcNAc residue linked at the 0-2 position of the core β-linked Man residue (Raju, T.S., and Stanley, P. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 7484-7493). Both modifications are novel and have not been reported in glycoproteins from any other source. We now show that, in both LEC18 and LEC14 cells, GlcNAc transfer is mediated by a distinct N-acetyl-glucosaminyltransferase (GlcNAc-T) activity. The LEC18 activity, termed GlcNAc-TVIII, transfers GlcNAc to GlcNAcβ1-O-pNP and to a GlcNAc-terminating, biantennary, complex N-glycan, with or without a core fucose. By contrast, the LEC14 transferase, termed GlcNAc-TVII, does not have significant activity with simple acceptors, and transfers GlcNAc preferentially to a GlcNAc-terminating biantennary glycopeptide that contains a core fucose residue. The acceptor specificities and other biochemical properties of GlcNAc-TVII and GlcNAc-TVIII differ from previously characterized GlcNAc-transferases including GlcNAc-TIII, indicating that they represent new members of the mammalian GlcNAc-T group of transferases.

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