Functional properties of mouse connexin30.2 expressed in the conduction system of the heart

Maria M. Kreuzberg, Goran Söhl, Jung Sun Kim, Vytas K. Verselis, Klaus Willecke, Feliksas F. Bukauskas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gap junction channels composed of connexin (Cx) 40, Cx43, and Cx45 proteins are known to be necessary for impulse propagation through the heart. Here, we report mouse connexin30.2 (mCx30.2) to be a new cardiac connexin that is expressed mainly in the conduction system of the heart. Antibodies raised to the cytoplasmic loop or the C-terminal regions of mCx30.2 recognized this protein in mouse heart as well as in HeLa cells transfected with wild-type mCx30.2 or mCx30.2 fused with enhanced green fluorescent protein (mCx30.2-EGFP). Immunofluorescence analyses of adult hearts yielded positive signals within the sinoatrial node, atrioventricular node, and A-V bundle of the cardiac conduction system. Dye transfer studies demonstrated that mCx30.2 and mCx30.2-EGFP channels discriminate poorly on the basis of charge, but do not allow permeation of tracers >400 Da. Both mCx30.2 and mCx30.2-EGFP gap junctional channels exhibited weak sensitivity to transjunctional voltage (Vj) and a single channel conductance of ≈9 pS, which is the lowest among all members of the connexin family measured in HeLa cell transfectants. HeLa mCx30.2-EGFP transfectants when paired with cells expressing Cx40, Cx43, or Cx45 formed functional heterotypic gap junction channels that exhibited low unitary conductances (15 to 18 pS), rectifying open channel I-V relations and asymmetric Vj dependence. The electrical properties of homo- and hetero-typic junctions involving mCx30.2 may contribute to slow propagation velocity in nodal tissues and directional asymmetry of excitation spread in the AV nodal region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1169-1177
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation research
Volume96
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 10 2005

Keywords

  • Atrioventricular node
  • Connexin
  • Gap junctions
  • MCx30.2
  • Sinoatrial node

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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