Functional differentiation in the transverse plane of the hippocampus: An update on activity segregation within the DG and CA3 subfields

Mariah A.A. Meyer, Jelena Radulovic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Decades of neuroscience research in rodents have established an essential role of the hippocampus in the processing of episodic memories. Based on accumulating evidence of functional segregation in the hippocampus along the longitudinal axis, this role has been primarily ascribed to the dorsal hippocampus. More recent findings, however, demonstrate that functional segregation also occurs along transverse axis of the hippocampus, within the hippocampal subfields CA1, CA2, CA3, and the dentate gyrus (DG). Because the functional heterogeneity within CA1 has been addressed in several recent articles, here we discuss behavioral findings and putative mechanisms supporting generation of asymmetrical activity patterns along the transverse axis of DG and CA3. While transverse subnetworks appear to discretely contribute to the processing of spatial, non-spatial, temporal, and social components of episodic memories, integration of these components also occurs, especially in the CA3 subfield and possibly downstream, in the cortical targets of the hippocampus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-43
Number of pages9
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume171
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Axis
  • Blade
  • Cortical
  • Distal
  • Infrapyramidal
  • Proximal
  • Subcortical
  • Suprapyramidal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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