Functional cooperation of two independent targeting domains in syntaxin 6 is required for its efficient localization in the trans-Golgi network of 3T3L1 adipocytes

Robert T. Watson, Jeffrey E. Pessin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

To identify the targeting domains of syntaxin 6 responsible for its localization to the trans-Golgi network (TGN), we examined the subcellular distribution of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) epitope-tagged syntaxin 6/syntaxin 4 chimerae and syntaxin 6 truncation/deletion mutants in 3T3L1 adipocytes. Expression of EGFP-syntaxin 6 resulted in a perinuclear distribution identical to endogenous syntaxin 6 as determined both by confocal fluorescence microscopy and subcellular fractionation. Furthermore, both the endogenous and the expressed EGFP-syntaxin 6 fusion protein were localized to a brefeldin A-insensitive but okadaic acid-sensitive compartment characteristic of the TGN. In contrast, EGFP-syntaxin 6 constructs lacking the H2 domain were excluded from the TGN and were instead primarily localized to the plasma membrane. Although syntaxin 4 was localized to the plasma membrane, syntaxin 6/syntaxin 4 chimerae and syntaxin 6 truncations containing the H2 domain of syntaxin 6 were predominantly directed to the TGN. Importantly, the syntaxin 6 H2 domain fused to the transmembrane domain of syntaxin 4 was also localized to the TGN, demonstrating that the H2 domain was sufficient to confer TGN localization. In addition to the H2 domain, a tyrosine-based plasma membrane internalization signal (YGRL) was identified between the H1 and H2 domains of syntaxin 6. Deletion of this sequence resulted in the accumulation of the EGFP-syntaxin 6 reporter construct at the plasma membrane. Together, these data demonstrate that syntaxin 6 utilizes two distinct domains to drive its specific subcellular localization to the TGN.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1261-1268
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 14 2000
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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