The scabrous (sca) gene encodes a secreted dimeric glycoprotein with putative coiled-coil domains N-terminally and a C-terminal region related to the blood clot protein fibrinogen. Homozygous sca mutants have extra bristle organs and rough eyes. We describe a GAL4-based expression system for testing rescue of the sca mutant phenotype by altered SCA proteins and for misexpression. We find that deletion of the fibrinogen-related domain (FRED) greatly decreases SCA function, confirming the importance of this conserved region. SCA function could not be restored by FReDs from human fibrinogen chain genes However, proteins lacking any FReD still showed some function in both rescue and misexpression experiments, suggesting that putative effector- binding regions lie outside this domain. Consistent with this, proteins expressing only the FReD had no rescuing activity but were recessive negative; i.e., they enhanced the phenotype of sca mutations but had no phenotype in the presence of a wild-type sea allele. This suggests that the FReD contributes to SCA function by binding to other components of the bristle determination pathway, increasing the activity of the linked N- terminal region.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - Oct 20 1998|
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