Four‐drug combination chemotherapy in advanced lung cancer: Methotrexate, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide and CCNU

D. Milstein, E. Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations


One‐hundred‐twenty patients with advanced lung cancer were treated by the MACC (methotrexate, doxorubicin (Adriamycin), cyclophosphamide and CCNU) regimen. Ninety‐eight patients were evaluated. Objective complete response occurred in one case for 27+ months. Partial response was observed in 20 patients lasting for a median of 4.7 months. The overall objective response rate was 21% and the median duration of response was 5.5 months. Stable disease was noted in 44 patients with a median time to progression of 4.7 months from the start of treatment. Tumor progression occurred in 33 cases. There was a significant prolongation of median actuarial survival of responders (11.2 months) vs. stable disease (6.2 months) or vs. non‐responders (3.8 months, P< 0.05). The median actuarial survival for the whole group was 7.3 months. Bone marrow toxicity including thrombocytopenia(<100,000 cells/mm3) occurred in 16 patients and leukopenia(<3000 cells/mm3) in 24 patients. Forty‐seven patients had no hematologic toxicity. Other adverse reactions were nausea and vomiting (50%), stomatitis (16%), alopecia (5%), cardiotoxicity (1%) and fever during leukopenia (1%).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2358-2363
Number of pages6
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1981


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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