Purpose: To correlate the observed fluorescence spectrum with the depth of ablation during 193 nm argon-fluoride excimer laser ablation of chemically damaged corneas. Setting: Laser facility, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA. Methods: Three cadaver New Zealand white rabbit corneas were exposed to 1 N hydrogen chloride for 10 seconds. The resultant opaque corneas were ablated to perforation using the excimer laser. Laser-induced fluorescence was collected at 45 degrees from incidence and channeled into an ultraviolet-visible spectrometer coupled to an optical multichannel analyzer reading a diode array detector. The detector recorded single-shot fluorescence spectra. The data were examined by principal component analysis, and the evolution of eigenvectors and their weighting coefficients were used to compare data among corneas. The results were correlated with histopathological sections. Results: The eigenvalues of 3 principal components corresponded to 88.9%, 10.0%, and 0.4% of the data in acid-burned corneas. Compared to that in undamaged corneas, more information was stored in the first principal component and the third eigenvector was distinctly altered. Acid-scarred tissue blue shifted the dominant fluorescence peak compared to that in normal corneal tissue. Conclusions: After severe hydrogen chloride burn to the rabbit corneal surface, monitoring the dominant peak wavelength shift of excimer-laser- induced fluorescence can detect the transition between severely acid-damaged and underlying tissue.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems