PURPOSE: To evaluate serially long-term macular morphologic changes after successful macula-involving rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair and correlate changes with macular function. METHODS: Repeat Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (FD OCT) imaging and microperimetry (MP-1) testing of 8 of the initial cohort of 17 eyes studied 5 years earlier. RESULTS: The mean follow-up after rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair was 3.4 months (range, 1-8.5 months) for the first FD OCT and 5 years (range, 3.75-5.75 years) for the follow-up FD OCT. The final postoperative best-corrected visual acuity mean was 20/201 (range, 20/20 to counting fingers). Six eyes with final best-corrected visual acuity >20/40 had an intact external limiting membrane and progressive resolution of photoreceptor inner segment-outer segment junction disruption and/or subretinal fluid on serial FD OCT, which correlated with improvement in macular function on MP-1. Two eyes with poor or worsening best-corrected visual acuity on follow-up had persistent or worsening inner segment-outer segment disruption on serial FD OCT. External limiting membrane was intact in one eye and persistently disrupted in the other. CONCLUSION: Macular function may progressively improve or worsen long-term after successful rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair. Progressive resolution of subretinal fluid and/or inner segment-outer segment disruption on FD OCT correlated with improvement in macular function, whereas worsening or persistent inner segment-outer segment disruption correlates with worsening or persistently poor visual outcome.
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