Five year experience with axillopopliteal bypasses for limb salvage

S. K. Gupta, F. J. Veith, E. Ascer, R. H. Samson, L. A. Scher, S. A. White-Flores, S. Sprayregen, S. C. Fell

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Abstract

Over the last 5 years, we have performed 34 axillopopliteal bypasses to salvage threatened limbs of patients in whom standard anatomic or extra-anatomic bypasses had either failed or were not feasible. The indications for these axillopopliteal bypasses, all of which were performed with 6 mm polytetrafluoroethylene grafts, were: (1) severe atherosclerotic disease of the common, superficial and deep femoral arteries which precluded use of these vessels for inflow or outflow for a standard vascular procedure (15 cases); (2) failed aortofemoral bypass with sufficient fibrosis or disease progression in the profunda femoris artery to prevent its use in a reoperation (7 cases); (3) insufficient hemodynamic improvement and failure to heal a foot lesion after an axillofemoral bypass (9 cases); and (4) sepsis in the groin from a previously infected bypass (3 cases). Graft patency was determined by objective measures. Cumulative life table graft patency rates were 77% at 1 year, 51% at 3 years, and 45% at 5 years. Although these rates are not as good as those for our axillofemoral bypasses (75% at 5 years), 22 limbs revascularized by axillopopliteal bypasses were salvaged with function for 1 year and 9 were salvaged with function for 2 years or longer in situations in which no option other than amputation was available. This justifies the continuing use of axillopopliteal bypass in an effort to salvage those limbs imminently threatened with amputation and in which no standard reconstruction is feasible because of disease or infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-324
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume26
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Nov 13 1985
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Gupta, S. K., Veith, F. J., Ascer, E., Samson, R. H., Scher, L. A., White-Flores, S. A., ... Fell, S. C. (1985). Five year experience with axillopopliteal bypasses for limb salvage. Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, 26(4), 321-324.