Fistula after attended delivery and the challenge of obstetric care capacity in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo

Nerys C. Benfield, Nichole Young-Lin, Christophe Kimona, Luc M. Kalisya, Rogatien M. Kisindja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the history of women with fistula in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to understand the determinants of fistula development. Methods: In a retrospective observational study, data were analyzed from a survey of all women who underwent surgical fistula repair at HEAL Africa Hospital, Goma, between April 1, 2009, and March 1, 2012. Characteristics and obstetric histories were obtained by self-report. Results: The mean age of the 202 participants at treatment was 30.7 years (range 5-69). The mean duration of fistula was 45.6 months (range 0-600). In total, 171 (91.4%) fistulas were caused by obstructed labor, and 147 (86.5%) were vesicovaginal. Most women (129/175 [73.8%]) reported having received care during early labor under the supervision of a nurse or doctor in a healthcare facility. Among 176 women for whom delivery data were available, 102 (57.9%) delivered at a hospital, 42 (23.8%) at a health center, and 32 (18.2%) at home. Only 46 (26.3%) of 175 women were transferred to a higher level of care during labor. Conclusions: In the eastern DRC, efforts to enable transport to a healthcare facility and to encourage attended births must be accompanied by improvements in the capacity of existing facilities and in the training of staff to enable the timely diagnosis of labor abnormalities and appropriate intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-160
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume130
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Obstetric Delivery
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Fistula
Delivery of Health Care
Self Report
Obstetrics
Observational Studies
Retrospective Studies
History
Nurses
Parturition
Health

Keywords

  • Healthcare capacity
  • Maternal complications
  • Obstetric fistula

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Fistula after attended delivery and the challenge of obstetric care capacity in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. / Benfield, Nerys C.; Young-Lin, Nichole; Kimona, Christophe; Kalisya, Luc M.; Kisindja, Rogatien M.

In: International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Vol. 130, No. 2, 2015, p. 157-160.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Benfield, Nerys C. ; Young-Lin, Nichole ; Kimona, Christophe ; Kalisya, Luc M. ; Kisindja, Rogatien M. / Fistula after attended delivery and the challenge of obstetric care capacity in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. In: International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2015 ; Vol. 130, No. 2. pp. 157-160.
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