Background: Randomized controlled trials have demonstrated that second-generation drug-eluting stents (DESs) for the treatment of obstructive coronary artery disease are associated with comparable, if not improved, clinical outcomes as compared to those of their first-generation counterparts. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term clinical outcomes associated with first- versus second-generation DESs for the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions. Methods and Materials: This was a retrospective study of consecutive de novo bifurcation lesions, excluding those at the left main, treated with either second-generation DES (everolimus-eluting or resolute zotarolimus-eluting stents) between October 2006 and October 2011 (199 bifurcation lesions in 192 patients) or first-generation DES (sirolimus-eluting or paclitaxel-eluting stents) between April 2002 and December 2005 (289 bifurcation lesions in 273 patients). Results: Second-generation DES use in this setting was associated with less major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (23.1% vs. 14.4%, p = 0.02) as well as lower target vessel revascularization (TVR) rates (15.5% vs. 8.3%, p = 0.01) at 2-year follow-up. Target lesion revascularization, both per patient (12.6% vs. 7.4%, p = 0.02) and per bifurcation (11.8% vs. 7.0%, p = 0.03), was also improved with second-generation DES over the same follow-up period. Propensity-score adjusted analysis suggested that second-generation DES was associated with a lower incidence of MACE (HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.33-0.85; p = 0.01) and TVR (HR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.24-0.83; p = 0.01). Conclusions: Our results suggest that the use of second-generation DES for the treatment of bifurcation lesions is associated with better clinical outcomes as compared to first-generation DES, largely due to a lower need for repeat revascularization.
- Adverse cardiac events
- Coronary bifurcation
- Drug-eluting stents
- Target lesion revascularization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine