Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptors (FGFRs) play crucial roles in promoting dendrite growth and branching during development. In mice, three FGFR genes, Fgfr1, Fgfr2, and Fgfr3, remain expressed in the adult neurogenic niche of the hippocampal dentate gyrus. However, the function of FGFRs in the dendritic maturation of adult-born neurons remains largely unexplored. Here, using conditional alleles of Fgfr1, Fgfr2, and Fgfr3 as well as Fgfr1 alleles lacking binding sites for Phospholipase-Cγ (PLCγ) and FGF Receptor Substrate (FRS) proteins, we test the requirement for FGFRs in dendritogenesis of adult-born granule cells. We find that deleting all three receptors results in a small decrease in proximal dendrite elaboration. In contrast, specifically mutating Tyr766 in FGFR1 (a PLCγ binding site) in an Fgfr2;Fgfr3 deficient background results in a dramatic increase of overall dendrite elaboration, while blocking FGFR1-FRS signaling causes proximal dendrite deficits and, to a lesser extent than Tyr766 mutants, increases distal dendrite elaboration. These findings reveal unexpectedly complex roles for FGFRs and their intracellular mediators in regulating proximal and distal dendrite elaboration, with the most notable role in suppressing distal elaboration through the PLCγbinding site.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||20|
|State||Published - Jan 15 2021|
- dentate gyrus
ASJC Scopus subject areas