Fever and bacteremia associated with hypertonic saline abortion

Charles R. Steinberg, Richard L. Berkowitz, Irwin R. Merkatz, Richard B. Roberts

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Abstract

A study was undertaken to define the incidence of fever and bacteremia in patients undergoing hypertonic saline abortion. The records of 302 patients were reviewed. The incidence of febrile complications was found to be 18.5%. Fever occurred either during the time of labor or closely following the expulsion of the products of conception. Six of 56 febrile patients had positive blood cultures, while potential pathogens were isolated from the reproductive tract of 15 others. A prospective study with serial blood cultures was conducted on 43 patients to determine the frequency of transient bacteremia following the intra-amniotic instillation of saline. Although an incidence of fever similar to that in the retrospective group were encountered, there were no positive blood cultures. A febrile episode may occur in approximately 20% of cases, but in many of these, bacterial infection cannot be demonstrated. It is concluded that the prophylactic use of antibiotics is not warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)673-678
Number of pages6
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
Volume39
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1972
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Steinberg, C. R., Berkowitz, R. L., Merkatz, I. R., & Roberts, R. B. (1972). Fever and bacteremia associated with hypertonic saline abortion. Obstetrics and gynecology, 39(5), 673-678.