Fetuin-A and risk of coronary heart disease

A Mendelian randomization analysis and a pooled analysis of AHSG genetic variants in 7 prospective studies

Lars E. Laugsand, Joachim H. Ix, Traci M. Bartz, Luc Djousse, Jorge Kizer, Russell P. Tracy, Abbas Dehghan, Kathryn Rexrode, Oscar L. Lopez, Eric B. Rimm, David S. Siscovick, Christopher J. O'Donnell, Anne Newman, Kenneth J. Mukamal, Majken K. Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and aims: Fetuin-A has a plausible role in the inhibition of arterial calcification, but its association with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in the general population is unclear. We used two common genetic variants in the fetuin-A gene (AHSG) that are strongly associated with circulating fetuin-A levels to investigate the associations with risk of CHD and subclinical cardiovascular measures (intima-media thickness, ankle-arm index, and coronary artery calcification). Methods: Genetic variation and fetuin-A levels were assessed in 3299 community-living individuals (2733 Caucasians and 566 African Americans) 65 years of age or older, free of previous cardiovascular disease, who participated in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) in 1992-1993. Results: Among Caucasians, both rs2248690 and rs4917 were associated with 12% lower fetuin-A concentrations per minor allele (P < 0.0001). The hazard ratios (HRs) per minor allele for incident CHD were 1.12 (95% CI: 1.00-1.26) for rs2248690 and 1.02 (0.91-1.14) for rs4917. Using both genotypes as an instrumental variable for measured fetuin-A, the HRs for one standard deviation increase in genetically determined fetuin-A levels on CHD risk were 0.84 (95% CI: 0.70-1.00) for rs2248690 and 0.97 (95% CI: 0.82-1.14) for rs4917, respectively. However, in CHS neither of the genotypes were associated with subclinical cardiovascular measures and when CHS data were meta-analyzed with data from six other prospective studies (totaling 26,702 Caucasian participants and 3295 CHD cases), the meta-analyzed HRs for incident CHD were 1.12 (0.93-1.34) and 1.06 (0.93-1.20) for rs2248690 and rs4917, respectively (p heterogeneity 0.005 and 0.0048). Conclusion: Common variants in the AHSG gene are strongly associated with fetuin-A levels, but their concurrent association with CHD risk in current prospective studies is inconsistent. Further investigation in studies with measured fetuin-A and AHSG variants is needed to clarify the potential causal association of fetuin-A with CHD risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number14245
Pages (from-to)44-52
Number of pages9
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume243
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

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Mendelian Randomization Analysis
alpha-2-HS-Glycoprotein
Coronary Disease
Prospective Studies
Health
Alleles
Genotype
Ankle
African Americans

Keywords

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Fetuin-A
  • Mendelian randomization
  • Meta-analysis
  • Single nucleotide polymorphisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Fetuin-A and risk of coronary heart disease : A Mendelian randomization analysis and a pooled analysis of AHSG genetic variants in 7 prospective studies. / Laugsand, Lars E.; Ix, Joachim H.; Bartz, Traci M.; Djousse, Luc; Kizer, Jorge; Tracy, Russell P.; Dehghan, Abbas; Rexrode, Kathryn; Lopez, Oscar L.; Rimm, Eric B.; Siscovick, David S.; O'Donnell, Christopher J.; Newman, Anne; Mukamal, Kenneth J.; Jensen, Majken K.

In: Atherosclerosis, Vol. 243, No. 1, 14245, 01.11.2015, p. 44-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laugsand, LE, Ix, JH, Bartz, TM, Djousse, L, Kizer, J, Tracy, RP, Dehghan, A, Rexrode, K, Lopez, OL, Rimm, EB, Siscovick, DS, O'Donnell, CJ, Newman, A, Mukamal, KJ & Jensen, MK 2015, 'Fetuin-A and risk of coronary heart disease: A Mendelian randomization analysis and a pooled analysis of AHSG genetic variants in 7 prospective studies', Atherosclerosis, vol. 243, no. 1, 14245, pp. 44-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2015.08.031
Laugsand, Lars E. ; Ix, Joachim H. ; Bartz, Traci M. ; Djousse, Luc ; Kizer, Jorge ; Tracy, Russell P. ; Dehghan, Abbas ; Rexrode, Kathryn ; Lopez, Oscar L. ; Rimm, Eric B. ; Siscovick, David S. ; O'Donnell, Christopher J. ; Newman, Anne ; Mukamal, Kenneth J. ; Jensen, Majken K. / Fetuin-A and risk of coronary heart disease : A Mendelian randomization analysis and a pooled analysis of AHSG genetic variants in 7 prospective studies. In: Atherosclerosis. 2015 ; Vol. 243, No. 1. pp. 44-52.
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title = "Fetuin-A and risk of coronary heart disease: A Mendelian randomization analysis and a pooled analysis of AHSG genetic variants in 7 prospective studies",
abstract = "Background and aims: Fetuin-A has a plausible role in the inhibition of arterial calcification, but its association with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in the general population is unclear. We used two common genetic variants in the fetuin-A gene (AHSG) that are strongly associated with circulating fetuin-A levels to investigate the associations with risk of CHD and subclinical cardiovascular measures (intima-media thickness, ankle-arm index, and coronary artery calcification). Methods: Genetic variation and fetuin-A levels were assessed in 3299 community-living individuals (2733 Caucasians and 566 African Americans) 65 years of age or older, free of previous cardiovascular disease, who participated in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) in 1992-1993. Results: Among Caucasians, both rs2248690 and rs4917 were associated with 12{\%} lower fetuin-A concentrations per minor allele (P < 0.0001). The hazard ratios (HRs) per minor allele for incident CHD were 1.12 (95{\%} CI: 1.00-1.26) for rs2248690 and 1.02 (0.91-1.14) for rs4917. Using both genotypes as an instrumental variable for measured fetuin-A, the HRs for one standard deviation increase in genetically determined fetuin-A levels on CHD risk were 0.84 (95{\%} CI: 0.70-1.00) for rs2248690 and 0.97 (95{\%} CI: 0.82-1.14) for rs4917, respectively. However, in CHS neither of the genotypes were associated with subclinical cardiovascular measures and when CHS data were meta-analyzed with data from six other prospective studies (totaling 26,702 Caucasian participants and 3295 CHD cases), the meta-analyzed HRs for incident CHD were 1.12 (0.93-1.34) and 1.06 (0.93-1.20) for rs2248690 and rs4917, respectively (p heterogeneity 0.005 and 0.0048). Conclusion: Common variants in the AHSG gene are strongly associated with fetuin-A levels, but their concurrent association with CHD risk in current prospective studies is inconsistent. Further investigation in studies with measured fetuin-A and AHSG variants is needed to clarify the potential causal association of fetuin-A with CHD risk.",
keywords = "Coronary heart disease, Fetuin-A, Mendelian randomization, Meta-analysis, Single nucleotide polymorphisms",
author = "Laugsand, {Lars E.} and Ix, {Joachim H.} and Bartz, {Traci M.} and Luc Djousse and Jorge Kizer and Tracy, {Russell P.} and Abbas Dehghan and Kathryn Rexrode and Lopez, {Oscar L.} and Rimm, {Eric B.} and Siscovick, {David S.} and O'Donnell, {Christopher J.} and Anne Newman and Mukamal, {Kenneth J.} and Jensen, {Majken K.}",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Fetuin-A and risk of coronary heart disease

T2 - A Mendelian randomization analysis and a pooled analysis of AHSG genetic variants in 7 prospective studies

AU - Laugsand, Lars E.

AU - Ix, Joachim H.

AU - Bartz, Traci M.

AU - Djousse, Luc

AU - Kizer, Jorge

AU - Tracy, Russell P.

AU - Dehghan, Abbas

AU - Rexrode, Kathryn

AU - Lopez, Oscar L.

AU - Rimm, Eric B.

AU - Siscovick, David S.

AU - O'Donnell, Christopher J.

AU - Newman, Anne

AU - Mukamal, Kenneth J.

AU - Jensen, Majken K.

PY - 2015/11/1

Y1 - 2015/11/1

N2 - Background and aims: Fetuin-A has a plausible role in the inhibition of arterial calcification, but its association with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in the general population is unclear. We used two common genetic variants in the fetuin-A gene (AHSG) that are strongly associated with circulating fetuin-A levels to investigate the associations with risk of CHD and subclinical cardiovascular measures (intima-media thickness, ankle-arm index, and coronary artery calcification). Methods: Genetic variation and fetuin-A levels were assessed in 3299 community-living individuals (2733 Caucasians and 566 African Americans) 65 years of age or older, free of previous cardiovascular disease, who participated in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) in 1992-1993. Results: Among Caucasians, both rs2248690 and rs4917 were associated with 12% lower fetuin-A concentrations per minor allele (P < 0.0001). The hazard ratios (HRs) per minor allele for incident CHD were 1.12 (95% CI: 1.00-1.26) for rs2248690 and 1.02 (0.91-1.14) for rs4917. Using both genotypes as an instrumental variable for measured fetuin-A, the HRs for one standard deviation increase in genetically determined fetuin-A levels on CHD risk were 0.84 (95% CI: 0.70-1.00) for rs2248690 and 0.97 (95% CI: 0.82-1.14) for rs4917, respectively. However, in CHS neither of the genotypes were associated with subclinical cardiovascular measures and when CHS data were meta-analyzed with data from six other prospective studies (totaling 26,702 Caucasian participants and 3295 CHD cases), the meta-analyzed HRs for incident CHD were 1.12 (0.93-1.34) and 1.06 (0.93-1.20) for rs2248690 and rs4917, respectively (p heterogeneity 0.005 and 0.0048). Conclusion: Common variants in the AHSG gene are strongly associated with fetuin-A levels, but their concurrent association with CHD risk in current prospective studies is inconsistent. Further investigation in studies with measured fetuin-A and AHSG variants is needed to clarify the potential causal association of fetuin-A with CHD risk.

AB - Background and aims: Fetuin-A has a plausible role in the inhibition of arterial calcification, but its association with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in the general population is unclear. We used two common genetic variants in the fetuin-A gene (AHSG) that are strongly associated with circulating fetuin-A levels to investigate the associations with risk of CHD and subclinical cardiovascular measures (intima-media thickness, ankle-arm index, and coronary artery calcification). Methods: Genetic variation and fetuin-A levels were assessed in 3299 community-living individuals (2733 Caucasians and 566 African Americans) 65 years of age or older, free of previous cardiovascular disease, who participated in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) in 1992-1993. Results: Among Caucasians, both rs2248690 and rs4917 were associated with 12% lower fetuin-A concentrations per minor allele (P < 0.0001). The hazard ratios (HRs) per minor allele for incident CHD were 1.12 (95% CI: 1.00-1.26) for rs2248690 and 1.02 (0.91-1.14) for rs4917. Using both genotypes as an instrumental variable for measured fetuin-A, the HRs for one standard deviation increase in genetically determined fetuin-A levels on CHD risk were 0.84 (95% CI: 0.70-1.00) for rs2248690 and 0.97 (95% CI: 0.82-1.14) for rs4917, respectively. However, in CHS neither of the genotypes were associated with subclinical cardiovascular measures and when CHS data were meta-analyzed with data from six other prospective studies (totaling 26,702 Caucasian participants and 3295 CHD cases), the meta-analyzed HRs for incident CHD were 1.12 (0.93-1.34) and 1.06 (0.93-1.20) for rs2248690 and rs4917, respectively (p heterogeneity 0.005 and 0.0048). Conclusion: Common variants in the AHSG gene are strongly associated with fetuin-A levels, but their concurrent association with CHD risk in current prospective studies is inconsistent. Further investigation in studies with measured fetuin-A and AHSG variants is needed to clarify the potential causal association of fetuin-A with CHD risk.

KW - Coronary heart disease

KW - Fetuin-A

KW - Mendelian randomization

KW - Meta-analysis

KW - Single nucleotide polymorphisms

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U2 - 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2015.08.031

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