Femtosecond laser-assisted intracorneal keratoprosthesis implantation: A laboratory model

Melvin A. Sarayba, Ronald M. Kurtz, Thao T.B. Nguyen, Teresa Ignacio, Monah Mansoori, Paula M. Sweet, Roy S. Chuck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To demonstrate femtosecond laser-assisted intracorneal keratoprosthesis implantation and determine the mechanical stability as a function of intraocular pressure. Methods: Eight human corneoscleral rims were mounted on an artificial anterior chamber. The femtosecond laser microkeratome was used to create a 2.5-mm diameter posterior corneal cap. A 7.2-mm-diameter lamellar stromal pocket was then created at mid-corneal depth. Finally, a 6-mm arc opening to the corneal surface was created at the periphery of the lamellar cut. The posterior lenticule was removed using corneal forceps and a 7.0-mm biopolymer keratoprosthesis was inserted into the stromal pocket. The surface wound was sealed using two 10-0 nylon sutures. A 3.0-mm anterior corneal opening was trephined to expose the keratoprosthesis. Intrachamber pressure was raised until wound leak was observed. Results: Seven of the 8 implants withstood pressures of at least 135 mm Hg without implant extrusion. Conclusion: Femtosecond laser corneal dissection provides an alternative to more challenging manual dissection methods for keratoprosthesis implantation. Use of the femtosecond laser microkeratome will further refine keratoprosthesis surgical technique and may allow rapid and easy execution of the surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1010-1014
Number of pages5
JournalCornea
Volume24
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • AlphaCor
  • Artificial cornea
  • Femtosecond laser
  • IntraLase
  • Keratoprosthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Sarayba, M. A., Kurtz, R. M., Nguyen, T. T. B., Ignacio, T., Mansoori, M., Sweet, P. M., & Chuck, R. S. (2005). Femtosecond laser-assisted intracorneal keratoprosthesis implantation: A laboratory model. Cornea, 24(8), 1010-1014. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ico.0000160975.81200.09