Background: Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) has been proposed as a noninvasive method for the diagnosis of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). In patients with high risk of iodinated contrast adverse effects such as acute allergic-type reactions, the use of gadolinium could be an alternative. Objective: We sought to evaluate the feasibility of gadolinium-enhanced MDCT for the diagnosis of obstructive CAD. Methods: Twenty patients (mean age, 61 years; range, 50-73 years) referred for X-ray coronary angiography were studied by both gadolinium and iodine-enhanced 16-row MDCT coronary angiography. The degree of enhancement and the accuracy for detection of obstructive CAD (>50% diameter reduction) were evaluated with X-ray coronary angiography as the standard. Renal nephrotoxicity was strictly monitored. Results: Gadolinium- and iodine-enhanced MDCT showed adequate visualization of the coronary arteries in 310 of the 312 coronary artery segments that were available by X-ray angiography, respectively. The average density of the coronary arteries in both iodine and gadolinium CT scans was 253.65 Hounsfield unit (HU) and 135.20 HU, respectively. In a per-coronary segment analysis, gadolinium- and iodine-enhanced MDCT showed sensitivities of 89% vs 84%, specificities of 96% vs 95%, and negative predictive values of 97% vs 96%, respectively. In a per-patient analysis, both gadolinium- and iodine-enhanced MDCT showed sensitivities of 92.85% vs specificities of 83.33%. Intermethod agreement between gadolinium- and iodine-enhanced MDCT (κ) was 0.95 (P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Our preliminary results indicate lower attenuation with gadolinium but similar diagnostic accuracy for the detection of obstructive CAD when compared with iodine-enhanced MDCT. Therefore, gadolinium is a feasible alternative contrast agent for patients with iodine contrast allergy referred for MDCT coronary angiography.
- CT angiography
- Contrast agents
- Coronary artery disease
- Multidetector computed tomography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine