FDG-PET study in pathological gamblers: 1. Lithium increases orbitofrontal, dorsolateral and cingulate metabolism

Eric Hollander, Monte S. Buchsbaum, M. Mehmet Haznedar, Jessica Berenguer, Heather A. Berlin, William Chaplin, Chelain R. Goodman, Elizabeth M. LiCalzi, Randall Newmark, Stefano Pallanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Pathological gambling affects 1-3% of the adult population, and has high comorbidity. Although mood stabilizers and serotonin reuptake inhibitors have shown some efficacy in the treatment of this condition, there is little known about how these pharmacological interventions work. Methods: Twenty-one patients with pathological gambling, who met lifetime comorbid bipolar spectrum diagnoses, received baseline PET scans. Sixteen of these patients were entered into a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled parallel group design trial of lithium, and received follow-up PET scans at 10 weeks. A comparison group of 32 age- and sex-matched controls was also available. Anatomical MRIs were obtained as a structural template. Results: In patients with pathological gambling, relative glucose metabolic rates (rGMR) in the orbitofrontal cortex and medial frontal cortex were significantly increased at baseline compared to normal controls. Lithium increased rGMR further in the orbitofrontal cortex, heightening normal/patient differences, but it also increased the rGMR of the posterior cingulate and the dorsolateral frontal cortex normalizing the metabolic rate in these regions. Conclusion: Cortical areas implicated in impulse control disorders show increased rGMR in pathological gambling at baseline. Lithium treatment, while alleviating the symptoms, further increases rGMR in these areas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-47
Number of pages11
JournalNeuropsychobiology
Volume58
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Gambling
Lithium
Glucose
Frontal Lobe
Prefrontal Cortex
Positron-Emission Tomography
Disruptive, Impulse Control, and Conduct Disorders
Gyrus Cinguli
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Comorbidity
Age Groups
Placebos
Pharmacology
Population
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Cingulate gyrus
  • Lithium
  • Orbital frontal cortex
  • Pathological gambling
  • Relative glucose metabolic rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Hollander, E., Buchsbaum, M. S., Haznedar, M. M., Berenguer, J., Berlin, H. A., Chaplin, W., ... Pallanti, S. (2008). FDG-PET study in pathological gamblers: 1. Lithium increases orbitofrontal, dorsolateral and cingulate metabolism. Neuropsychobiology, 58(1), 37-47. https://doi.org/10.1159/000154478

FDG-PET study in pathological gamblers : 1. Lithium increases orbitofrontal, dorsolateral and cingulate metabolism. / Hollander, Eric; Buchsbaum, Monte S.; Haznedar, M. Mehmet; Berenguer, Jessica; Berlin, Heather A.; Chaplin, William; Goodman, Chelain R.; LiCalzi, Elizabeth M.; Newmark, Randall; Pallanti, Stefano.

In: Neuropsychobiology, Vol. 58, No. 1, 10.2008, p. 37-47.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hollander, E, Buchsbaum, MS, Haznedar, MM, Berenguer, J, Berlin, HA, Chaplin, W, Goodman, CR, LiCalzi, EM, Newmark, R & Pallanti, S 2008, 'FDG-PET study in pathological gamblers: 1. Lithium increases orbitofrontal, dorsolateral and cingulate metabolism', Neuropsychobiology, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 37-47. https://doi.org/10.1159/000154478
Hollander, Eric ; Buchsbaum, Monte S. ; Haznedar, M. Mehmet ; Berenguer, Jessica ; Berlin, Heather A. ; Chaplin, William ; Goodman, Chelain R. ; LiCalzi, Elizabeth M. ; Newmark, Randall ; Pallanti, Stefano. / FDG-PET study in pathological gamblers : 1. Lithium increases orbitofrontal, dorsolateral and cingulate metabolism. In: Neuropsychobiology. 2008 ; Vol. 58, No. 1. pp. 37-47.
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