Factors Associated With Hospitalization in Children and Adolescents With SARS-CoV-2 Infection

Jerry Y. Chao, Ariel Sugarman, Atsumi Kimura, Steven Flamer, Tina T. Jing, Danielle M. Fernandes, Hnin Khine, Shlomo Shinnar, Yungtai Lo, Michael D. Cabana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this retrospective study of 319 children with laboratory-confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, we assessed whether age, asthma, obesity, diabetes, and socioeconomic status were associated with hospitalization for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Demographic and clinical characteristics were assessed using univariate statistics, excluding incidental or unrelated positives. There was a bimodal distribution of age among hospitalized children. Obesity (P <.001) and a past medical history of diabetes (P =.001) were significantly more prevalent in hospitalized children, including cases of new-onset diabetes and diabetic ketoacidosis. Neither a past medical history of asthma nor lower socioeconomic status was associated with hospitalization. Although limited to a single center, the findings in this study may have important clinical implications. Targeted, proactive health outreach to children with obesity and diabetes, with prioritization of preventative efforts such as vaccination, may be important in preventing worse SARS-CoV-2 infection in this vulnerable group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Pediatrics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • diabetes
  • obesity
  • pediatric hospitalization
  • SARS-CoV-2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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