Factors affecting the decline in incidence of diabetes in the diabetes prevention program outcomes study (DPPOS)

Richard F. Hamman, Edward Horton, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, George A. Bray, Costas A. Christophi, Jill Crandall, Jose C. Florez, Sarah Fowler, Ronald Goldberg, Steven E. Kahn, William C. Knowler, John M. Lachin, Mary Beth Murphy, Elizabeth Venditti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

During the first 7 years of the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study (DPPOS), diabetes incidence rates, when compared with the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), decreased in the placebo (-42%) and metformin (-25%), groups compared with the rates in the intensive lifestyle intervention (+31%) group. Participants in the placebo and metformin groups were offered group intensive lifestyle intervention prior to entering the DPPOS. The following two hypotheses were explored to explain the rate differences: "effective intervention" (changes in weight and other factors due to intensive lifestyle intervention) and "exhaustion of susceptible" (changes in mean genetic and diabetes risk scores). No combination of behavioral risk factors (weight, physical activity, diet, smoking, and antidepressant or statin use) explained the lower DPPOS rates of diabetes progression in the placebo and metformin groups, whereas weight gain was the factor associated with higher rates of progression in the intensive lifestyle intervention group. Different patterns in the average genetic risk score over time were consistent with exhaustion of susceptibles. Results were consistent with exhaustion of susceptibles for the change in incidence rates, but not the availability of intensive lifestyle intervention to all persons before the beginning of the DPPOS. Thus, effective intervention did not explain the lower diabetes rates in the DPPOS among subjects in the placebo and metformin groups compared with those in the DPP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)989-998
Number of pages10
JournalDiabetes
Volume64
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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    Hamman, R. F., Horton, E., Barrett-Connor, E., Bray, G. A., Christophi, C. A., Crandall, J., Florez, J. C., Fowler, S., Goldberg, R., Kahn, S. E., Knowler, W. C., Lachin, J. M., Murphy, M. B., & Venditti, E. (2015). Factors affecting the decline in incidence of diabetes in the diabetes prevention program outcomes study (DPPOS). Diabetes, 64(3), 989-998. https://doi.org/10.2337/db14-0333