Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used in managing patients with potentially reversible cardio-respiratory failure refractory to conventional methods. Multiorgan dysfunction syndrome (MODS), usually due to sepsis, remains the main cause of mortality in such patients. We report a series of six pediatric patients with sepsis-induced MODS where extracorporeal albumin dialysis (EAD) was used while the patients were on ECMO. The age of the patients ranged between 1 month and 17 years. The mean pediatric index of mortality (PIM) score at admission was 67.5%. All these patients further deteriorated with MODS and EAD was used as rescue therapy. At institution of EAD, 4 patients had dysfunction of 4 organs and 2 patients had dysfunction of 5 organs. The number of EAD cycles ranged between 1 and 3. Three out of the 6 patients (50%) survived to discharge from the intensive care unit and two of the six patients (33%) survived to hospital discharge. According to our previous experience and published results, all these patients would have been expected to die. The present results suggest that EAD may prove to have a role in the treatment of pediatric patients with sepsis-induced MODS. Further research is required to identify the group of patients who would benefit most by EAD as well as understand the clearance of inflammatory mediators and other mechanisms involved with the use of EAD.
- Extracorporeal albumin dialysis
- Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
- Molecular adsorbent re-circulating system
- Multiorgan dysfunction syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biomedical Engineering