Extrachromosomal copies of transposon Tc1 in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans

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Abstract

Extrachromosomal copies of the 1.6-kilobase transposable element Tc1 are present at the level of between 0.1 and 1.0 copy per cell in Caenorhabditis elegans strain Bergerac. Extrachromosomal elements were detected and studied using Southern hybridizations employing a Tc1-specific probe. The amount of extrachromosomal Tc1 DNA was roughly constant during development in Bergerac, which has approximately 300 integrated chromosomal copies of Tc1 in its haploid genome. Extrachromosomal Tc1 DNA was not detected in strain Bristol, which has 30 chromosomal copies of Tc1. Three forms of extrachromosomal DNA were detected. The predominant form was 1.6-kilobase linear molecule with ends corresponding to the ends of an integrated Tc1 element. The other two forms were, respectively, relaxed and supercoiled circular copies of the element. Structural assignments were based on electrophoretic mobility, the results of sedimentation velocity and equilibrium density gradient experiments, and on the sizes of the products produced by treatment of purified extrachromosomal DNA with restriction endonucleases. The suggestion is made that these extrachromosomal transposable elements are the products of excision events known to be occurring at high frequency in somatic cells in Bergerac.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4018-4022
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume81
Issue number13 I
StatePublished - 1984

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Caenorhabditis elegans
DNA Transposable Elements
DNA
Haploidy
DNA Restriction Enzymes
Genome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Extrachromosomal copies of transposon Tc1 in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans",
abstract = "Extrachromosomal copies of the 1.6-kilobase transposable element Tc1 are present at the level of between 0.1 and 1.0 copy per cell in Caenorhabditis elegans strain Bergerac. Extrachromosomal elements were detected and studied using Southern hybridizations employing a Tc1-specific probe. The amount of extrachromosomal Tc1 DNA was roughly constant during development in Bergerac, which has approximately 300 integrated chromosomal copies of Tc1 in its haploid genome. Extrachromosomal Tc1 DNA was not detected in strain Bristol, which has 30 chromosomal copies of Tc1. Three forms of extrachromosomal DNA were detected. The predominant form was 1.6-kilobase linear molecule with ends corresponding to the ends of an integrated Tc1 element. The other two forms were, respectively, relaxed and supercoiled circular copies of the element. Structural assignments were based on electrophoretic mobility, the results of sedimentation velocity and equilibrium density gradient experiments, and on the sizes of the products produced by treatment of purified extrachromosomal DNA with restriction endonucleases. The suggestion is made that these extrachromosomal transposable elements are the products of excision events known to be occurring at high frequency in somatic cells in Bergerac.",
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T1 - Extrachromosomal copies of transposon Tc1 in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans

AU - Ruan, K.

AU - Emmons, Scott W.

PY - 1984

Y1 - 1984

N2 - Extrachromosomal copies of the 1.6-kilobase transposable element Tc1 are present at the level of between 0.1 and 1.0 copy per cell in Caenorhabditis elegans strain Bergerac. Extrachromosomal elements were detected and studied using Southern hybridizations employing a Tc1-specific probe. The amount of extrachromosomal Tc1 DNA was roughly constant during development in Bergerac, which has approximately 300 integrated chromosomal copies of Tc1 in its haploid genome. Extrachromosomal Tc1 DNA was not detected in strain Bristol, which has 30 chromosomal copies of Tc1. Three forms of extrachromosomal DNA were detected. The predominant form was 1.6-kilobase linear molecule with ends corresponding to the ends of an integrated Tc1 element. The other two forms were, respectively, relaxed and supercoiled circular copies of the element. Structural assignments were based on electrophoretic mobility, the results of sedimentation velocity and equilibrium density gradient experiments, and on the sizes of the products produced by treatment of purified extrachromosomal DNA with restriction endonucleases. The suggestion is made that these extrachromosomal transposable elements are the products of excision events known to be occurring at high frequency in somatic cells in Bergerac.

AB - Extrachromosomal copies of the 1.6-kilobase transposable element Tc1 are present at the level of between 0.1 and 1.0 copy per cell in Caenorhabditis elegans strain Bergerac. Extrachromosomal elements were detected and studied using Southern hybridizations employing a Tc1-specific probe. The amount of extrachromosomal Tc1 DNA was roughly constant during development in Bergerac, which has approximately 300 integrated chromosomal copies of Tc1 in its haploid genome. Extrachromosomal Tc1 DNA was not detected in strain Bristol, which has 30 chromosomal copies of Tc1. Three forms of extrachromosomal DNA were detected. The predominant form was 1.6-kilobase linear molecule with ends corresponding to the ends of an integrated Tc1 element. The other two forms were, respectively, relaxed and supercoiled circular copies of the element. Structural assignments were based on electrophoretic mobility, the results of sedimentation velocity and equilibrium density gradient experiments, and on the sizes of the products produced by treatment of purified extrachromosomal DNA with restriction endonucleases. The suggestion is made that these extrachromosomal transposable elements are the products of excision events known to be occurring at high frequency in somatic cells in Bergerac.

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JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

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