Extracellular matrix-derived peptides in tissue remodeling and fibrosis

Lisandra E. de Castro Brás, Nikolaos G. Frangogiannis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Alterations in the composition of the extracellular matrix (ECM) critically regulate the cellular responses in tissue repair, remodeling, and fibrosis. After injury, proteolytic degradation of ECM generates bioactive ECM fragments, named matricryptins, exposing cryptic sites with actions distinct from the parent molecule. Matricryptins contribute to the regulation of inflammatory, reparative, and fibrogenic cascades through effects on several different cell types both in acute and chronic settings. Fibroblasts play a major role in matricryptin generation not only as the main cellular source of ECM proteins, but also as producers of matrix-degrading proteases. Moreover, several matricryptins exert fibrogenic or reparative actions by modulating fibroblast phenotype and function. This review manuscript focuses on the mechanisms of matricyptin generation in injured and remodeling tissues with an emphasis on fibroblast-matricryptin interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMatrix Biology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Extracellular matrix
  • Fibroblasts
  • Fibrosis
  • Matricryptins
  • Peptides
  • Remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology

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