Extra-familial social factors and obesity in the Hispanic Community Children’s Health Study/Study of Latino Youth

Julia I. Bravin, Angela P. Gutierrez, Jessica L. McCurley, Scott C. Roesch, Carmen R. Isasi, Alan M. Delamater, Krista M. Perreira, Linda Van Horn, Sheila F. Castañeda, Elizabeth R. Pulgaron, Gregory A. Talavera, Martha L. Daviglus, Maria Lopez-Class, Donglin Zeng, Linda C. Gallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hispanic/Latino youth are disproportionately affected by obesity. However, how social factors outside of the family relate to Hispanic/Latino youth obesity is not well understood. We examined associations of extra-familial social factors with overweight/obesity prevalence, and their variation by sex and age, in 1444 Study of Latino Youth participants [48.6% female; 43.4% children (8–11 years); 56.6% adolescents (12–16 years)], who were offspring of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos participants. Youth self-reported general social support from friends, dietary-, and physical activity (PA)-specific support from peers, and awareness/internalization of thinness ideals. Overweight/obesity was defined as body mass index ≥ 85th percentile. Logistic regression models assessed effects of social factors and their interactions with age-group and sex, adjusting for potential confounders. Social support from friends interacted with both age and sex in relation to overweight/obesity. Female children who reported lesser (OR 0.60; 95% CI [0.39, 0.91]) and female adolescents who reported greater (OR 1.35; 95% CI [1.06, 1.74]) social support from friends had higher odds of overweight/obesity. Among males, greater awareness/internalization of thinness ideals related to higher odds of overweight/obesity (OR 2.30; 95% CI [1.59, 3.31]). Awareness/internalization of thinness ideals was not associated with overweight/obesity among females. Dietary and PA-specific peer support did not relate to overweight/obesity. Social support from friends and awareness/internalization of thinness ideals were significantly related to odds of overweight/obesity in Hispanic/Latino youth; associations varied by age and sex, and persisted after control for intra-familial factors (overall family support/function; diet and activity specific support).

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Obesity
Thinness
Social Support
Logistic Models
Child Health
Exercise
Body Mass Index
Age Groups
Diet
Health

Keywords

  • Children
  • Hispanic
  • Latino
  • Obesity
  • Peer support
  • Social factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Extra-familial social factors and obesity in the Hispanic Community Children’s Health Study/Study of Latino Youth. / Bravin, Julia I.; Gutierrez, Angela P.; McCurley, Jessica L.; Roesch, Scott C.; Isasi, Carmen R.; Delamater, Alan M.; Perreira, Krista M.; Van Horn, Linda; Castañeda, Sheila F.; Pulgaron, Elizabeth R.; Talavera, Gregory A.; Daviglus, Martha L.; Lopez-Class, Maria; Zeng, Donglin; Gallo, Linda C.

In: Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bravin, JI, Gutierrez, AP, McCurley, JL, Roesch, SC, Isasi, CR, Delamater, AM, Perreira, KM, Van Horn, L, Castañeda, SF, Pulgaron, ER, Talavera, GA, Daviglus, ML, Lopez-Class, M, Zeng, D & Gallo, LC 2019, 'Extra-familial social factors and obesity in the Hispanic Community Children’s Health Study/Study of Latino Youth', Journal of Behavioral Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-019-00022-7
Bravin, Julia I. ; Gutierrez, Angela P. ; McCurley, Jessica L. ; Roesch, Scott C. ; Isasi, Carmen R. ; Delamater, Alan M. ; Perreira, Krista M. ; Van Horn, Linda ; Castañeda, Sheila F. ; Pulgaron, Elizabeth R. ; Talavera, Gregory A. ; Daviglus, Martha L. ; Lopez-Class, Maria ; Zeng, Donglin ; Gallo, Linda C. / Extra-familial social factors and obesity in the Hispanic Community Children’s Health Study/Study of Latino Youth. In: Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 2019.
@article{9cb9b302f2f24c27b65dc47a0b9aa317,
title = "Extra-familial social factors and obesity in the Hispanic Community Children’s Health Study/Study of Latino Youth",
abstract = "Hispanic/Latino youth are disproportionately affected by obesity. However, how social factors outside of the family relate to Hispanic/Latino youth obesity is not well understood. We examined associations of extra-familial social factors with overweight/obesity prevalence, and their variation by sex and age, in 1444 Study of Latino Youth participants [48.6{\%} female; 43.4{\%} children (8–11 years); 56.6{\%} adolescents (12–16 years)], who were offspring of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos participants. Youth self-reported general social support from friends, dietary-, and physical activity (PA)-specific support from peers, and awareness/internalization of thinness ideals. Overweight/obesity was defined as body mass index ≥ 85th percentile. Logistic regression models assessed effects of social factors and their interactions with age-group and sex, adjusting for potential confounders. Social support from friends interacted with both age and sex in relation to overweight/obesity. Female children who reported lesser (OR 0.60; 95{\%} CI [0.39, 0.91]) and female adolescents who reported greater (OR 1.35; 95{\%} CI [1.06, 1.74]) social support from friends had higher odds of overweight/obesity. Among males, greater awareness/internalization of thinness ideals related to higher odds of overweight/obesity (OR 2.30; 95{\%} CI [1.59, 3.31]). Awareness/internalization of thinness ideals was not associated with overweight/obesity among females. Dietary and PA-specific peer support did not relate to overweight/obesity. Social support from friends and awareness/internalization of thinness ideals were significantly related to odds of overweight/obesity in Hispanic/Latino youth; associations varied by age and sex, and persisted after control for intra-familial factors (overall family support/function; diet and activity specific support).",
keywords = "Children, Hispanic, Latino, Obesity, Peer support, Social factors",
author = "Bravin, {Julia I.} and Gutierrez, {Angela P.} and McCurley, {Jessica L.} and Roesch, {Scott C.} and Isasi, {Carmen R.} and Delamater, {Alan M.} and Perreira, {Krista M.} and {Van Horn}, Linda and Casta{\~n}eda, {Sheila F.} and Pulgaron, {Elizabeth R.} and Talavera, {Gregory A.} and Daviglus, {Martha L.} and Maria Lopez-Class and Donglin Zeng and Gallo, {Linda C.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10865-019-00022-7",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Behavioral Medicine",
issn = "0160-7715",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Extra-familial social factors and obesity in the Hispanic Community Children’s Health Study/Study of Latino Youth

AU - Bravin, Julia I.

AU - Gutierrez, Angela P.

AU - McCurley, Jessica L.

AU - Roesch, Scott C.

AU - Isasi, Carmen R.

AU - Delamater, Alan M.

AU - Perreira, Krista M.

AU - Van Horn, Linda

AU - Castañeda, Sheila F.

AU - Pulgaron, Elizabeth R.

AU - Talavera, Gregory A.

AU - Daviglus, Martha L.

AU - Lopez-Class, Maria

AU - Zeng, Donglin

AU - Gallo, Linda C.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Hispanic/Latino youth are disproportionately affected by obesity. However, how social factors outside of the family relate to Hispanic/Latino youth obesity is not well understood. We examined associations of extra-familial social factors with overweight/obesity prevalence, and their variation by sex and age, in 1444 Study of Latino Youth participants [48.6% female; 43.4% children (8–11 years); 56.6% adolescents (12–16 years)], who were offspring of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos participants. Youth self-reported general social support from friends, dietary-, and physical activity (PA)-specific support from peers, and awareness/internalization of thinness ideals. Overweight/obesity was defined as body mass index ≥ 85th percentile. Logistic regression models assessed effects of social factors and their interactions with age-group and sex, adjusting for potential confounders. Social support from friends interacted with both age and sex in relation to overweight/obesity. Female children who reported lesser (OR 0.60; 95% CI [0.39, 0.91]) and female adolescents who reported greater (OR 1.35; 95% CI [1.06, 1.74]) social support from friends had higher odds of overweight/obesity. Among males, greater awareness/internalization of thinness ideals related to higher odds of overweight/obesity (OR 2.30; 95% CI [1.59, 3.31]). Awareness/internalization of thinness ideals was not associated with overweight/obesity among females. Dietary and PA-specific peer support did not relate to overweight/obesity. Social support from friends and awareness/internalization of thinness ideals were significantly related to odds of overweight/obesity in Hispanic/Latino youth; associations varied by age and sex, and persisted after control for intra-familial factors (overall family support/function; diet and activity specific support).

AB - Hispanic/Latino youth are disproportionately affected by obesity. However, how social factors outside of the family relate to Hispanic/Latino youth obesity is not well understood. We examined associations of extra-familial social factors with overweight/obesity prevalence, and their variation by sex and age, in 1444 Study of Latino Youth participants [48.6% female; 43.4% children (8–11 years); 56.6% adolescents (12–16 years)], who were offspring of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos participants. Youth self-reported general social support from friends, dietary-, and physical activity (PA)-specific support from peers, and awareness/internalization of thinness ideals. Overweight/obesity was defined as body mass index ≥ 85th percentile. Logistic regression models assessed effects of social factors and their interactions with age-group and sex, adjusting for potential confounders. Social support from friends interacted with both age and sex in relation to overweight/obesity. Female children who reported lesser (OR 0.60; 95% CI [0.39, 0.91]) and female adolescents who reported greater (OR 1.35; 95% CI [1.06, 1.74]) social support from friends had higher odds of overweight/obesity. Among males, greater awareness/internalization of thinness ideals related to higher odds of overweight/obesity (OR 2.30; 95% CI [1.59, 3.31]). Awareness/internalization of thinness ideals was not associated with overweight/obesity among females. Dietary and PA-specific peer support did not relate to overweight/obesity. Social support from friends and awareness/internalization of thinness ideals were significantly related to odds of overweight/obesity in Hispanic/Latino youth; associations varied by age and sex, and persisted after control for intra-familial factors (overall family support/function; diet and activity specific support).

KW - Children

KW - Hispanic

KW - Latino

KW - Obesity

KW - Peer support

KW - Social factors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064211797&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064211797&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10865-019-00022-7

DO - 10.1007/s10865-019-00022-7

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Behavioral Medicine

JF - Journal of Behavioral Medicine

SN - 0160-7715

ER -