Extent of lymphadenectomy is associated with oncological efficacy of sublobar resection for lung cancer ≤2 cm

Brendon M. Stiles, Jialin Mao, Sebron Harrison, Benjamin Lee, Jeffrey L. Port, Art Sedrakyan, Nasser K. Altorki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Sublobar resection (SLR)is an alternative to lobectomy for early non–small cell lung cancer. Comparative effectiveness of these 2 approaches might be modified by the extent of lymph node dissection. Methods: We utilized the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program–Medicare dataset to identify patients with stage I non–small cell lung cancer aged 66 years or older with tumor size ≤2 cm. We compared patient characteristics with t tests for continuous variables and χ2 tests for categorical variables. Kaplan-Meier curves were constructed to determine overall survival (OS)and cancer-specific survival (CSS). We evaluated OS and CSS among propensity-matched cohorts undergoing lobectomy versus SLR, particularly as it related to extent of lymphadenectomy. Results: Among 2757 lobectomies and 1229 SLR procedures performed for stage I tumors ≤2 cm, we propensity-matched 1124 patients from each group. Patients undergoing SLR were more likely to have no lymph nodes sampled (46.9% vs 6.4%; P <.001). OS (hazard ratio [HR], 1.48; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.29-1.69)and CSS (HR, 2.06; 95% CI, 1.41-3.02)were worse following SLR. When propensity-matched cohorts of patients with at least 1 lymph node removed (n = 567 each group)were examined, the HRs for survival for SLR decreased (OS HR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.12-1.69; CSS HR, 1.58; 95% CI, 0.97-2.57). Finally, when cohorts were propensity matched for ≥9 lymph nodes examined (n = 103 each group), there was no difference in OS (HR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.50-1.39)or CSS (HR, 1.10; 95% CI, 0.35-3.41). Conclusions: SLR leads to fewer lymph node removed and is associated with inferior survival compared with lobectomy. A more extensive lymphadenectomy may be associated with equivalent survival between matched patients undergoing SLR and lobectomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2454-2465.e1
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume157
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • low-dose computed tomography
  • lung cancer screening
  • minimally invasive surgery
  • non–small cell lung cancer
  • sublobar resection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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