Expressive characteristics of anxiety in depressed men and women

Martin M. Katz, Scott Wetzler, Marylene Cloitre, Alan Swann, Steven Secunda, Joe Mendels, Eli Robins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was aimed at identifying the expressive, movement, and social behaviors associated with anxiety in the syndrome of major depression. The sample consisted of 97 hospitalized male and female depressed patients. Expressive and social behaviors were evaluated prior to treatment in a structured videotaped interview. Anxiety was measured using a multi-vantaged approach including doctor's rating, nurse's rating, patient self-report, and a separate video rating. Results indicate that anxiety was significantly associated with agitation, distressed facial expression, bodily discomfort, and poor social interaction in both sexes. Men and women differed in certain respects: anxiety was highly related to motor retardation in women only, and to hostility in men only. Differences in the pattern of expressive behavior between high and low anxious, depressed patients were clearly significant, and several were large enough to serve as clinical indicators. These findings help to characterize the expressive features of anxiety in the context of severe depression, and add to the growing literature on sex differences in depression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-277
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Anxiety
Social Behavior
Depression
Facial Expression
Hostility
Interpersonal Relations
Sex Characteristics
Self Report
Nurses
Interviews
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Expressive behavior
  • Video methods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Katz, M. M., Wetzler, S., Cloitre, M., Swann, A., Secunda, S., Mendels, J., & Robins, E. (1993). Expressive characteristics of anxiety in depressed men and women. Journal of Affective Disorders, 28(4), 267-277. https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-0327(93)90062-O

Expressive characteristics of anxiety in depressed men and women. / Katz, Martin M.; Wetzler, Scott; Cloitre, Marylene; Swann, Alan; Secunda, Steven; Mendels, Joe; Robins, Eli.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 28, No. 4, 1993, p. 267-277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Katz, MM, Wetzler, S, Cloitre, M, Swann, A, Secunda, S, Mendels, J & Robins, E 1993, 'Expressive characteristics of anxiety in depressed men and women', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 267-277. https://doi.org/10.1016/0165-0327(93)90062-O
Katz, Martin M. ; Wetzler, Scott ; Cloitre, Marylene ; Swann, Alan ; Secunda, Steven ; Mendels, Joe ; Robins, Eli. / Expressive characteristics of anxiety in depressed men and women. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 1993 ; Vol. 28, No. 4. pp. 267-277.
@article{78849882d5ca422a9994e0cfbb57cf5a,
title = "Expressive characteristics of anxiety in depressed men and women",
abstract = "This study was aimed at identifying the expressive, movement, and social behaviors associated with anxiety in the syndrome of major depression. The sample consisted of 97 hospitalized male and female depressed patients. Expressive and social behaviors were evaluated prior to treatment in a structured videotaped interview. Anxiety was measured using a multi-vantaged approach including doctor's rating, nurse's rating, patient self-report, and a separate video rating. Results indicate that anxiety was significantly associated with agitation, distressed facial expression, bodily discomfort, and poor social interaction in both sexes. Men and women differed in certain respects: anxiety was highly related to motor retardation in women only, and to hostility in men only. Differences in the pattern of expressive behavior between high and low anxious, depressed patients were clearly significant, and several were large enough to serve as clinical indicators. These findings help to characterize the expressive features of anxiety in the context of severe depression, and add to the growing literature on sex differences in depression.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Depression, Expressive behavior, Video methods",
author = "Katz, {Martin M.} and Scott Wetzler and Marylene Cloitre and Alan Swann and Steven Secunda and Joe Mendels and Eli Robins",
year = "1993",
doi = "10.1016/0165-0327(93)90062-O",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "267--277",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Expressive characteristics of anxiety in depressed men and women

AU - Katz, Martin M.

AU - Wetzler, Scott

AU - Cloitre, Marylene

AU - Swann, Alan

AU - Secunda, Steven

AU - Mendels, Joe

AU - Robins, Eli

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - This study was aimed at identifying the expressive, movement, and social behaviors associated with anxiety in the syndrome of major depression. The sample consisted of 97 hospitalized male and female depressed patients. Expressive and social behaviors were evaluated prior to treatment in a structured videotaped interview. Anxiety was measured using a multi-vantaged approach including doctor's rating, nurse's rating, patient self-report, and a separate video rating. Results indicate that anxiety was significantly associated with agitation, distressed facial expression, bodily discomfort, and poor social interaction in both sexes. Men and women differed in certain respects: anxiety was highly related to motor retardation in women only, and to hostility in men only. Differences in the pattern of expressive behavior between high and low anxious, depressed patients were clearly significant, and several were large enough to serve as clinical indicators. These findings help to characterize the expressive features of anxiety in the context of severe depression, and add to the growing literature on sex differences in depression.

AB - This study was aimed at identifying the expressive, movement, and social behaviors associated with anxiety in the syndrome of major depression. The sample consisted of 97 hospitalized male and female depressed patients. Expressive and social behaviors were evaluated prior to treatment in a structured videotaped interview. Anxiety was measured using a multi-vantaged approach including doctor's rating, nurse's rating, patient self-report, and a separate video rating. Results indicate that anxiety was significantly associated with agitation, distressed facial expression, bodily discomfort, and poor social interaction in both sexes. Men and women differed in certain respects: anxiety was highly related to motor retardation in women only, and to hostility in men only. Differences in the pattern of expressive behavior between high and low anxious, depressed patients were clearly significant, and several were large enough to serve as clinical indicators. These findings help to characterize the expressive features of anxiety in the context of severe depression, and add to the growing literature on sex differences in depression.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Depression

KW - Expressive behavior

KW - Video methods

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027202168&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027202168&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0165-0327(93)90062-O

DO - 10.1016/0165-0327(93)90062-O

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 267

EP - 277

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

IS - 4

ER -