The c-fms gene product is related, and possibly identical, to the receptor for the mononuclear phagocyte colony stimulating factor, CSF-1. Using antisera to a recombinant v-fms-coded polypeptide, glycoproteins encoded by the human c-fms locus were detected in mononuclear cells from normal peripheral blood and in promyelocytic HL-60 cells 24 h after induction of monocytic differentiation with phorbol ester. The 150-kD human c-fms-coded glycoprotein was expressed at the cell surface, was active as a tyrosine-specific protein kinase in vitro, and shared primary structural features with the product of the feline retroviral v-fms oncogene. A biochemically indistinguishable glycoprotein was detected in human choriocarcinoma cell lines. Like peripheral blood mononuclear cells and phorbol ester-treated HL-60 cells, the choriocarcinoma cells expressed high affinity binding sites for human CSF-1. In addition to serving as a lineage specific growth factor in hematopoiesis, CSF-1 may play a role in normal trophoblast development.
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