Expression cloning of a rat liver Na+-independent organic anion transporter

Emmanuel Jacquemin, Bruno Hagenbuch, Bruno Stieger, Allan W. Wolkoff, Peter J. Meier

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Abstract

Using expression cloning in Xenopus laevis oocytes, we have isolated a cDNA encoding a rat liver organic anion-transporting polypeptide (oatp). The cloned oatp mediated Na+-independent uptake of sulfobromophthalein (BSP) which was Cl--dependent in the presence of bovine serum albumin (BSA) at low BSP concentrations (e.g., 2 μM). Addition of increasing amounts of BSA had no effects on the maximal velocity of initial BSP uptake, but it increased the K(m) value from 1.5 μM (no BSA) to 24 μM (BSA/BSP molar ratio, 3.7) and 35 μM (BSA/BSP ratio, 18.4). In addition to BSP, the cloned oatp also mediated Na+-independent uptake of conjugated (taurocholate) and unconjugated (cholate) bile acids. Sequence analysis of the cDNA revealed an open reading frame of 2010 nucleotides coding for a protein of 670 amino acids (calculated molecular mass, 74 kDa) with four possible N-linked glycosylation sites and 10 putative transmembrane domains. Translation experiments in vitro indicated that the transporter was indeed glycosylated and that its polypeptide backbone had an apparent molecular mass of 59 kDa. Northern blot analysis with the cloned probe revealed crossreactivity with several mRNA species from rat liver, kidney, brain, lung, skeletal muscle, and proximal colon as well as from liver tissues of mouse and rabbit, but not of skate (Raja erinacea) and human.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-137
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume91
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 4 1994

Keywords

  • bile acid transport
  • hepatocytes
  • sulfobromophthalein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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